COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

Introduction

The College of Education is committed to the preparation of qualified individuals in fields of instruction in elementary, secondary, special, and postsecondary education. Further, the college prepares individuals in the supervision and administration of elementary and secondary schools, special education and rehabilitation schools and facilities, community colleges, and universities. The college is composed of the departments of Educational Administration and Higher Education; Educational Psychology; Language, Reading and Culture; Special Education and Rehabilitation; and Teaching and Teacher Education. The college also administers the Center for the Study of Higher Education and the Arizona Center for Evaluation and Measurement.

DEGREES, MAJORS, AND MINORS

Degrees

The College of Education offers academic programs leading to the Bachelor of Arts in Education, Bachelor of Science in Education, Master of Arts, Master of Education, Educational Specialist, Doctor of Education, and Doctor of Philosophy. At the time of catalog production, the Master of Teaching degree was under review.

Graduate Majors

The Doctor of Philosophy degree is available with majors in educational psychology; higher education; language, reading and culture; special education and rehabilitation; and teaching and teacher education. The Doctor of Education degree is available with majors in language, reading and culture; special education and rehabilitation; and teaching and teacher education. The Educational Specialist degree is offered with majors in educational psychology; language, reading and culture; and special education and rehabilitation. The Master of Arts degree is available with majors in bilingual/multicultural education; educational psychology; higher education; language, reading and culture; special education and rehabilitation; and teaching and teacher education.

At the time of catalog production the followings programs were under review: the foundations of education major for the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees; the educational administration major for the Doctor of Education and the Educational Specialist degrees; and the educational media major for the Master of Arts and Educational Specialist degrees. Prospective students should consult the Office of Student and Career Services in the college for further information regarding these majors.

For further information on requirements for graduate degree programs in education, please see the Graduate Catalog.

General Education

The College of Education is an upper-division college, that is, it provides undergraduates with course work at the junior and senior level only. Undergraduates normally apply for admission to the college at the end of their sophomore year, after two years at a two or four-year institution as pre-education majors. If enrolled at The University of Arizona, pre-education students are administratively housed in Arts and Sciences; however, pre-education majors are advised in the Office of Student and Career Services in the College of Education. Upon formal admission to the College, students are assisted by a faculty advisor in the department appropriate to their chosen major assisted by the Office of Student and Career Services.

Pre-education students fulfill, with a few exceptions, the same general education requirements as in Arts and Sciences. Therefore, pre-education students should refer to the section in this catalog on General Education in Arts and Sciences to plan their freshman and sophomore course work.

REFINEMENTS TO GENERAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS

Undergraduate students in the College of Education select a major in either elementary education, secondary education, or special education and rehabilitation. Students should follow the course recommendations below according to the major selected. All students intending to seek admission to the College of Education are strongly encouraged to consult an academic advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services early in their college career.

Elementary Education

MATHEMATICS

Math 117 (College Algebra) or Math 122 (Math in Modern Society) or higher level math courses, are prerequisites to Math 301 (Understanding Elementary Math); which is a prerequisite to the methods of the teaching of math.

BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Select one four-unit laboratory science from two of the following areas:

Life Science: Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Microbiology, Molecular and Cellular Biology, Plant Science or Botany

Earth Science: Astronomy, Atmospheric Science, Geography and Regional Development, Geosciences, Planetary Sciences, Soil and Water Sciences, or Hydrology and Water Resources

Physical Science: Chemistry or Physics

INDIVIDUALS, SOCIETIES, AND INSTITUTIONS

The College of Education requires course work or examinations in U.S. and Arizona constitutions. This requirement may be met in one of three ways:

POL 102, American National Government (U.S. constitution) and POL 130, American State and Local Government (Arizona constitution)

OR

Successful completion of the two state examinations in U.S. and Arizona constitutions (The Office of Student and Career Services has information on these examinations).

OR

Successful completion of Political Science 112 (National and State constitutions) transferred from Pima Community College.

Completion of POL 102 and POL 130 will also meet part of the ISI requirement for College of Education students. Students who have not met this requirement will not graduate or be eligible for teacher certification until this requirement has been met.

ARTS AND LITERATURE

A list of approved courses for the Fine Arts component of this requirement is available in the Office of Student and Career Services.

SECOND LANGUAGE

Any language is acceptable. However, due to the ethnic composition of Arizona schools, the College of Education shows preference to students with competency in Spanish or other languages of the Southwest.

Secondary Education

MATHEMATICS

The math requirements for students at the secondary level vary depending upon the major and minor chosen. Majors or minors in the sciences or math require substantial knowledge (calculus and higher) in math. Other majors and minors may only require a general knowledge of math (MATH 122). Students should check with the Office of Student and Career Services or the respective academic department for the math sequence best suited to their degree objective.

INDIVIDUALS, SOCIETIES, AND INSTITUTIONS

See Elementary refinements above.

SECOND LANGUAGE

See Elementary refinements above.

Special Education and Rehabilitation

MATHEMATICS

The general rehabilitation emphasis in Special Education and Rehabilitation requires knowledge of math in algebra and statistics and measurement. The general education requirement for math may be met with college algebra (MATH 117 or MATH 121) or higher. The major emphasis in Deaf Studies requires only a general knowledge in math; MATH 122 will meet the general education requirement for math for students in this area.

BIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES

Students intending to major in either program in SER must take EXSS 201 and 202 (4 units each), "Human Anatomy and Physiology". This eight-unit sequence satisfies the University requirement for biological and physical sciences. Students specializing in SER Deaf Studies may take SPH 260, "Speech Science" (4) and SPH 280, "Hearing Science" (4) to meet their science requirement.

INDIVIDUALS, SOCIETIES, AND INSTITUTIONS

All SER majors must take at least one course in general psychology. PSYCH 101, "Introduction to Psychology" will satisfy part of the General Education requirements under ISI.

SECOND LANGUAGE

For students seeking the SER major with the emphasis in General Rehabilitation, American Sign Language is acceptable, as well as any other second language approved by the Uni-versity. American Sign Language is required for students seeking the Deaf Studies specialization.

Undergraduate Majors

At the undergraduate level, students select either a major administered within the College of Education or a subject area teaching major administered through another academic department. Majors within the College of Education are available in elementary education and special education & rehabilitation. At the time of catalog production, the major in early childhood education was under review.

A teaching major is defined as the secondary school academic subject area in which the student plans to teach. Teaching majors are administered through the relevant academic departments in cooperation with the College of Education, which is responsible for providing the necessary professional education course work. Subject area course requirements for prospective teachers will be found under the appropriate academic department in the Departments and Courses of Instruction section of this catalog. For information on the professional education requirements, consult an academic advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services.

The Bachelor of Science in Education degree is awarded for a major in special education and rehabilitation (including a specialty in interpreting for the deaf) and for teaching majors in mathematics or any of the physical sciences. The Bachelor of Arts in Education degree is awarded for majors in elementary education, or any teaching major area other than mathematics or any of the physical sciences. See "Majors and Minors for Secondary School Teaching"in this section for a list of available teaching majors.

Undergraduate Minors

At the secondary level (grades 7-12), most majors will require a teaching minor in a second field of specialization. Course requirements for those teaching minors will be listed under the relevant academic department in the Departments and Courses of Instruction section of this catalog. Three particular teaching majors are sufficiently comprehensive as to require no additional minor subject (see "Majors Requiring No Minor").

Students majoring in Elementary Education are required to complete an academic concentration of at least eighteen (18) units, chosen in consultation with an academic advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services. Areas for the academic concentration are limited to English, fine arts, foreign languages, math, sciences, social sciences, and environmental education.

Majors in Special Education and Rehabilitation require a minor field chosen from anthropology, psychology or sociology. Other areas may be approved and should be selected in consultation with an academic advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services with approval of the Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation.

There is also a non-teaching minor in Special Education and Rehabilitation offered to persons who wish to explore the field as an adjunct to majors outside the College of Education. Students interested in this minor should consult with an academic advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services or the Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation (see Undergraduate Programs section).

Selection of Majors and Minors

Majors and minors should be selected in consultation with a College of Education advisor as early in the undergraduate career as possible, and no later than the junior year. Major subjects may be changed at the beginning of any semester. However, if a change of major or minor field is made late in the program, an additional semester or more may be necessary to complete the required course work.

Teaching majors and minors should be selected from the following lists of subjects commonly taught in high schools in most states. With the exception of the three majors that require no minors, all subject areas available as teaching majors may also be chosen as teaching minors; additional subject areas are available as minors only.

Majors and Minors for Secondary School Teaching

MAJORS REQUIRING A MINOR

The following teaching majors also are available as teaching minors:

Chemistry History
Communication Journalism
Earth Science Latin
English Mathematics
French Physics
General Biology Political Science
Geography Russian
German Spanish


MINORS ONLY

Anthropology Italian
Athletic Coaching Media Arts
Bilingual/ Bicultural Education Oriental Studies
Chemistry/Physics* Portuguese
Computer Science Psychology
Economics Sociology

*ONLY AVAILABLE WITH ANOTHER SCIENCE TEACHING MAJOR.


MAJORS REQUIRING NO MINOR

EXTENDED ENGLISH-For information, see the Department of English section in this catalog.

LANGUAGE ARTS-SOCIAL STUDIES-A 50-unit combination of language arts and social studies intended for junior high/middle school teaching. For information, see an advisor in the Department of Teaching and Teacher Education.

SOCIAL STUDIES-A 50-unit combination of social studies intended for secondary school teaching. For information, see an advisor in the Department of Teaching and Teacher Education.

The Office of Student and Career Services has a list of the academic subject matter for all teaching majors and minors offered.


TEACHING MAJORS FOR DEGREES OUTSIDE THE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

Three academic units outside the College of Education offer programs for training teachers in their particular disciplines. These majors will earn degrees specific to those units, rather than College of Education degrees. A major in art education, for example, offered by Arts and Sciences, Fine Arts, will earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts; similarly, a major in agricultural education, offered by the College Agriculture, will earn a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture.

The following teaching majors and degrees are available outside the College of Education.

Agricultural Education (B.S.Ag.) College of Agriculture

Art Education (B.F.A.) Arts and Sciences

Health Education (B.S.H.S.) School of Health-Related Professions

Home Economics Education (B.S.F.C.R.) College of Agriculture

Music Education (B.M.) Arts and Sciences

Physical Education (B.S.H.S.) School of Health-Related Professions

Theatre Arts Education (B.F.A.) Arts and Sciences

ADMISSIONS

Formal admission to the College of Education is required of all undergraduate students who wish to pursue a major for a College of Education degree as well as for students who wish to enroll in restricted professional education courses for the purpose of earning a teaching certificate. Undergraduate students normally apply for admission at the end of their sophomore year. Persons who have previously earned a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution and are interested in obtaining a State of Arizona teaching certificate apply for admission in the same way as undergraduate students. Graduate students who have already been admitted to a graduate degree program in the University must also apply for admission to College of Education programs.

The application deadline for any Fall semester is the second Friday in February; the deadline for any Spring semester is the second Friday in September. Applications for admission to any given term should be available in the Office of Student and Career Services immediately after the deadline for the previous admission term.

Eligibility Requirements

As a professional school within a land grant university, the College of Education best serves the needs of the State of Arizona by preparing teachers, as well as professionals in special education and rehabilitation, who possess strong records of academic achievement, who exemplify high ideals of character, who are representative of the cultural heritage and linguistic diversity of the State, and who demonstrate a clear and continuing commitment to the education and service of fellow human beings.

To be considered eligible for consideration for admission to the College of Education, applicants must meet the following minimum requirements:

1. Completion, by no later than the end of the term in which application is made, of at least 56 units of credit applicable to a baccalaureate degree;

2. Attainment of a cumulative grade point average of 2.500 or better on the most recently completed 56 units. For purposes of admission to the College of Education, graded units are considered from all institutions attended.

3. Be in "good standing" at The University of Arizona (i.e., have attained a minimum overall cumulative grade point average at the University of at least a 2.000). The College of Education will not consider any applicant who is "on probation" in another college at The University of Arizona.

4. Have taken or have verified registration for the Upper-Division Writing-Proficiency Exam (UDWPE). Transfer students will take the UDWPE in their first semester of enrollment at the University. This exam is not required of post-baccalaureate applicants.

Students who are judged eligible are then evaluated by four additional criteria:

1. Academic achievement, as indicated by grade point average and scores on required and optional standardized tests.

2. Language proficiency, in English and in other languages common to Arizona and the American Southwest, as indicated by the applicant's written materials, letters of, recommendation, test scores, and grades in relevant courses.

3. Multicultural experience indicative of an understanding of and an ability to work successfully with members of different racial and ethnic groups represented in Arizona and the Southwest, as indicated by family background, bilingualism, relevant work experience, or significant and sustained association with a racial or ethnic group different from one's own.

4. Commitment to the profession and a capacity to meet its professional standards, as indicated by relevant work or volunteer experience, letters of recommendation, the applicant's self statement, and other pertinent information that the applicant may choose to submit. Students interested in admission to a teacher preparation program are strongly encouraged to pursue experience with school-age children in institutional settings (e.g., tutoring in public schools, day care, community agencies, etc.). Special Education and Rehabilitation students are encouraged to pursue work or volunteer experiences in state agencies, programs for the disabled in the public or private sector, group homes, hospitals, substance abuse programs and human service agencies in the community.

Only those applicants who, in the judgment of the Initial Teacher Preparation Committee or the Undergraduate Special Education and Rehabilitation Committee, meet the standards established by these criteria are offered admission.

The College may, from time to time, establish program initiatives of special importance to the State of Arizona or in certain academic areas of prominence at The University of Arizona. In such instances, applicants whose abilities and accomplishments qualify them for participation in these initiatives, and who meet the eligibility requirements stipulated above, may be given preference in admission.

Meeting or exceeding minimum admission standards as outlined in this admission policy does not in any way imply or guarantee admission to College of Education programs.

If limitations on resources require restrictions to be placed on the number of students admitted in a given semester or year, students will be admitted according to the level of distinction achieved on one or more of the criteria above or the strength and balance of the applicant's record across the several criteria.

Please note: Students admitted to any teacher preparation program at The University of Arizona are required to pass the Arizona Teacher Proficiency Exam (ATPE) prior to student teaching and are urged to take this examination early in their program of studies. Information and test dates on the ATPE are available in the Office of Student and Career Services.

Students majoring in teacher preparation programs outside the College of Education (See "Teaching Majors for Degrees Outside the College of Education") are not "admitted" to the College. Rather, students in these programs must meet the admission standards of their own program and then apply for "permission" to enroll in the restricted education courses required in their major. Students enrolled in these majors must meet the following minimum standards before enrolling in any restricted professional education course:

1. Completion, by no later than the end of the term in which application is made, of at least 56 units of credit applicable to a baccalaureate degree;

2. Attainment of a cumulative grade point average of 2.500 or better on the most recently completed 56 units. For purposes of determining permission to enroll in restricted professional courses in the College of Education, graded units are considered from all institutions attended.

Students enrolled in these "associate" programs must meet the same deadlines as students seeking formal admission to the College of Education.

RESTRICTED ENROLLMENT IN PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION COURSES

Most professional education courses in the initial teacher preparation program are closed to students who have not been formally admitted to the program. The restriction involves a variety of courses in several departments of the College of Education. The following restricted courses are open only to those students admitted to College of Education initial teacher preparation programs or to students admitted to teacher preparation programs outside the College (see "Teaching Majors for Degrees Outside the College of Education"). The restricted courses are:

ED 350 Schooling in America

ED P 301 Child Development

ED P 310 Learning in Schools

LRC 435 Content Area Literacy in a Multicultural School

LRC 480 Children's Literature in the Classroom

SER 301a-b Elementary and Secondary mainstreaming

TTE 300 Classroom Processes and Instruction

TTE 322-327 Elementary teaching methods courses

TTE 394a-b Elementary and Secondary practica

TTE 493a-b Elementary and Secondary student teaching

In Special Education and Rehabilitation only two courses are restricted to majors only: SER 481, Interviewing and Client Services, and SER 483, Supervised Casework in Rehabilitation. At the discretion of the instructor and depending upon resource limitations, courses in Special Education and Rehabilitation may be limited to those majoring or minoring in this field.

UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS

The following undergraduate programs are currently being offered within the departments of Teaching and Teacher Education and of Special Education and Rehabilitation.

Major in Early Childhood Education

At the time of catalog production, the major in early childhood education was under review. Prospective students should consult the Office of Student Services in the college for further information regarding this major.

Major in Elementary Education

Students who wish to prepare for teaching careers in grades kindergarten through eighth grade should select a major in elementary education. Students should check with the Office of Student and Career Services for current degree requirements.

Majors in Secondary Education

College of Education students planning to teach at the secondary school level must complete the requirements for a teaching major or a teaching major and minor from among the subjects and fields listed under the "Majors and Minors for Secondary School Teaching" section. Students are encouraged to contact an advisor in the Office of Student and Career Services during their lower-division years concerning selection of appropriate teaching majors and minors and for current degree requirements.

Major in Special Education and Rehabilitation

The Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation offers two programs within the major of Special Education and Rehabilitation (SER). The general SER major prepares students for entry-level human service positions in state agencies, programs for the disabled in the public and private sector, and group homes. Many graduates are employed in school transition programs, mental health facilities, corrections, private agencies serving a variety of physical handicaps, and social service agencies.

The Deaf Studies specialization within the SER major provides students with the linguistic and cultural competency necessary to work with individuals who are deaf. Therefore, a major component of the program involves developing advanced competency in American Sign Language (the first two years of sign language course work may be used to satisfy the University's second language requirement). Graduates of the program will be prepared for a range of occupations such as rehabilitation technicians, job coaches, house parents in a school for the deaf, or interpreters, and in a range of settings such as residential schools or service or referral agencies.

SER students will earn a Bachelor of Science in Education degree. With this degree a student is making a tentative career commitment. It is highly recommended that a student pursue-as many do-a master's degree to develop specialized skills and make a professional commitment.

Minor in Special Education and Rehabilitation

For students majoring in areas outside the College of Education, a non-teaching minor in Special Education and Rehabilitation is offered with a choice of four different emphases:

1. special education

2. general rehabilitation

3. rehabilitation with an emphasis in deaf studies

4. combined special education and rehabilitation

Interested students should contact the Office of Student and Career Services or the Department of Special Education an Rehabilitation for further information.

SPECIAL PROGRAMS

Bilingual Education Endorsement

Arizona and the Southwest enjoy a rich cultural heritage. Cultural and linguistic resources abound in our communities and in our schools. Bilingual education programs, designed to teach children in their home language in addition to English, are an important part of many public school districts' educational programs.

The College of Education offers two programs at the undergraduate level in bilingual education.

The first program is combined with the general Elementary Education program. This "bilingual option" includes an additional 18 semester units of coursework in bilingual education. Fluency in the language other than English is determined by state-mandated testing. At this time, the program is designed for bilingual Spanish/English students. In addition, some bilingual Native American/English students can be accommodated. The Department of Language, Reading and Culture offers a diversity of language options in bilingual multicultural education at the graduate level.

The other program offered in bilingual education in the College of Education consists of a minor for secondary education majors. The minor in bilingual/bicultural education (see "Majors and Minors for Secondary School Teaching" section) consists of 21 semester units of course work in bilingual education.

Both programs consist of course work in bilingual foundations/philosophy, methodology, linguistics, and culture. As with the Elementary program, fluency in the language other than English is determined by testing.

Both programs require that student teaching be done in a bilingual setting. This practical experience enhances the overall program and prepares students for today's diverse classrooms. Further information on bilingual education programs within the College of Education is available in the Office of Student and Career Services.

Middle Level Teaching Endorsement (grades 5-9)

Prospective teachers who choose to teach at the middle school/junior high level should possess a sound knowledge base of the developmental characteristics of early adolescents (ages 10 to 15 years) and the relationship of those characteristics to curriculum content, instructional practice, and school organization. The College of Education offers course work to meet the requirements for this endorsement as part of either an elementary or secondary teacher preparation program. Student teaching is done in the middle school setting to allow for practical experience in teaching at this age level.

One major offered in the College of Education, Language Arts/Social Studies, is a 50-unit combination major designed for students interested in these academic areas who particularly wish to teach at the middle school/junior high level.

Certification for Community College Teaching

The College of Education cooperates with departments in other colleges of the University in the preparation of students who are candidates for community college teaching certificates. The Arizona Board of Directors for Community Colleges has established the following standards for academic certification.

The minimum requirements for an Arizona Community College Regular Certificate are:

1. A master's or higher earned degree with at least 24 semester hours of upper-division and/or graduate credit in the field to be taught, or

2. A bachelor's degree in a specific area with at least three years of directly related occupational experience and skill in the field to be taught, or

3. An associate's degree or at least 64 semester hours and, in addition, at least five years of directly related occupational experience in the field to be taught.

In addition, applicants must have completed an approved course on the subject of the community college offered at one of the Arizona universities or by a community college district.

Provisional, special, and district specific Arizona community college certificates are available with varying requirements and periods of validity. The Center for the Study of Higher Education in the College of Education will assist individuals seeking application information on these certificates. The above standards are subject to modification by the Arizona State Board of Directors of Community Colleges.

RESEARCH CENTERS AND PUBLIC SERVICE

Research centers and public services operating within the College of Education greatly enhance the academic programs and research capabilities of the college. Basic and applied research is conducted in all contexts and at all levels of professional education. Professional services are available to clientele ranging from individuals to such institutions as school districts; public and private postsecondary institutions; local, state, and federal agencies; health service-related agencies; correctional institutions; Indian tribal governments; and business and industry.

Center for the Study of Higher Education

A description of the nature and function of this center can be found in the Research and Special Public Service Units section of this catalog.

University Rehabilitation Services

The rehabilitation program provides an excellent setting for interdisciplinary research and demonstration projects. Such projects are directed by faculty members for various University departments. Research is encouraged in all aspects of rehabilitation. A variety of services is available through the Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation including comprehensive vocational and psychological evaluation which provides disabled and handicapped individuals with realistic vocational goals.

The rehabilitation staff is trained in the practical application of rehabilitation techniques and provides consultative services to rehabilitation agencies.