The University of Arizona  1993-95 General Catalog

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Optical Sciences (OPTI)
Optical Sciences Center, Room 401
(520) 626-3689

Graduate Interdisciplinary Program in Optical Sciences Committee:

Professors Richard C. Powell, Chair, J. Roger P. Angel (Steward
Observatory), George H. Atkinson (Chemistry), Harrison H. Barrett
(Radiology), Peter H. Bartels (Pathology), James J. Burke,
William J. Dallas (Radiology), Eustace L. Dereniak, Charles M.
Falco (Physics), Peter A. Franken (Physics), B. Roy Frieden,
Bobby R. Hunt (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Kenneth F.
Galloway (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Jack D. Gaskill
(Electrical and Computer Engineering), Hyatt M. Gibbs, Kenneth A.
Jackson (Material Science and Engineering), Stephen F. Jacobs,
Stephan W. Koch (Physics), George L. Lamb, Jr. (Mathematics),
Willis E. Lamb, Jr. (Physics), H. Angus Macleod (Electrical and
Computer Engineering), Masud Mansuripur, Arvind S. Marathay, Aden
B. Meinel (Emeritus), Pierre Meystre, Dennis D. Patton
(Radiology), Nasser Peyghambarian, John A. Reagan (Electrical and
Computer Engineering), Ralph M. Richard (Emeritus), Murray
Sargent III, Dror Sarid, Bernard O. Seraphin (Emeritus), Roland
V. Shack, Robert R. Shannon (Emeritus), Richard L. Shoemaker,
Philip N. Slater (Remote Sensing), A. Francis Turner (Emeritus),
Donald R. Uhlmann (Materials Science), William H. Wing (Physics),
William L. Wolfe, Jr. (Radiology), James C. Wyant (Electrical and
Computer Engineering)

Associate Professors Arthur F. Gmitro (Radiology), John E.
Greivenkamp, Jr., Raymond K. Kostuk (Electrical and Computer
Engineering), Robert R. Schowengerdt (Electrical and Computer
Engineering, Arid Lands Resource Sciences), Robin N. Strickland
(Electrical and Computer Engineering)

Assistant Professors Katherine Creath, Galina Khitrova, Thomas D.
Milster, Mark A. Neifeld (Electrical and Computer Engineering),
Ewan M. Wright

Lecturer James M. Palmer

Adjunct Lecturer Robert E. Parks

Qualified applicants holding undergraduate degrees in
engineering, mathematics or physics are admitted to undertake
graduate programs in optical sciences. Current active research
areas include electro-optics, image formation, image processing,
laser physics, materials, medical optics, non-linear optics,
optical bistability, optical design, optical fabrication and
testing, optical properties of materials, pattern recognition,
quantum optics, remote sensing, spectroscopy, surface physics,
and thin-film technology. Interdisciplinary programs in progress
involve the departments of Astronomy, Chemistry, Civil
Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Electrical and Computer
Engineering, Physics, and Radiology, as well as the Arizona
Research Laboratory, the Optical Circuitry Cooperative and the
Optical Data Storage Center.

The degrees of Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy are
offered with a major in optical sciences. For admission and
degree requirements, please see the Graduate Catalog.

A related program in which the Optical Sciences Center plays a
major role is the undergraduate optical engineering program
administered by the Department of Electrical and Computer
Engineering in the College of Engineering and Mines. (See the
College of Engineering and Mines section of this catalog for
specific information and requirements related to this program.)

210. Geometrical Optics (3) I Basic principles of light,
refraction, reflection, paraxial optics, pupils and stops,
properties of optical glass, visual and other instruments,
aberrations, measurement and testing. 2R, 3L. P, MATH 125a.
(Identical with ECE 210)

210L. Geometrical Optics Laboratory (1) I P, CR, 210. (Identical
with ECE 210L)

226. Physical Optics (3) II Fundamentals of electromagnetic
waves; plane harmonic waves; light as a vector wave, reflection
and refraction, interference, diffraction. 2R, 3L. P, 210, PHYS
116. (Identical with ECE 226)

226L. Physical Optics Laboratory (1) II Fundamentals of
electromagnetic waves; plane harmonic waves; light as a vector
wave, reflection and refraction, interference, diffraction. P,
CR, 226. (Identical with ECE 226L)

350. Radiometry, Sources and Detectors (3) I Symbols, units and
nomenclature; geometrical radiation transfer, radiometric
measurements, blackbody radiation, sources, noise, detectors,
source-detector interfaces. P, 226. (Identical with ECE 350)

370. Lasers and Electro-Optical Devices (3) II Elements of solid
state physics, laser physics and laser light, laser components,
systems and measurements; display devices, light modulators,
laser beam manipulation. P, 350, PHYS 330. (Identical with ECE

412. Optical Instrumentation (3) I Microscopes, telescopes,
cameras, high-speed photography, diffraction gratings, fiber
optics, ophthalmic instruments; medical optical instruments,
adaptive optics, optical scanners. P, 370. (Identical with ECE

416. Optical Design, Fabrication and Testing (4) II Optical
design, optical fabrication and testing, optical materials and
coatings, lens mounting and centering. P, 412. (Identical with
ECE 416)

434. Electrical and Optical Properties of Materials (3) I 1993-94
(Identical with MSE 434).

440a-440b. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy for Experimentalists
(3-3) (Identical with PHYS 440a-440b) May be convened with 540a-

470a-470b. Optics Laboratory (3) 470a: Properties of prisms,
cardinal points of lenses, microscope objectives, descent
sources, fluorescent sources, photomultipliers, CCD's. P, ECE
351a, CR 412. 470b: Kerr and Pockels cells, liquid crystal light
valves, measurement of optical fiber characteristics, signal
transmission, Fourier transforming properties of lenses, spatial
filtering, transmission, reflection, image and rainbow holograms.
P, 470a, CR 416. (Identical with ECE 470a-470b)

487. Fiber Optics Laboratory (3) II Fiber characteristics; fiber
preparation; single and multimode fibers; sources; coupling;
communication systems; multiplexing techniques; fiber-optic
sensors. P, ECE 456. (Identical with ECE 487) May be convened
with 587.

490. Remote Sensing for the Study of Planet Earth (3) II 1993-94
(Identical with REM 490) May be convened with 590.

501. Electromagnetic Waves (3) I Maxwell's equations. Vector and
scalar wave equations. Vector and scalar potentials and gauges.
Green's functions and boundary value problems. Reflection and
refraction. Optics of isotropic materials. Optics of crystals. P,
PHYS 116.

502. Optical Engineering I (3) I Rays and wavefronts; Fermat's
principle; Snell's law; dispersion; systems of plane mirrors;
Gaussian and paraxial imagery; Delano diagram; radiometry;
Blackbody radiation; Sources. P, PHYS 116, 121.

503. Quantum Optics and Lasers (3) I Quantum background;
interaction of light with matter; two-level atom; lasers;
nonlinear optics. P, PHYS 435 (Identical with PHYS 503) 

504. Mathematical Methods for Optics (3) I Complex variables;
Fourier theory and applications to imaging; coherent and
incoherent imaging; other integral transforms; special functions
and orthogonal polynomials; linear algebra; integral equations;
Green's functions. P, Math 223; PHYS 116 or PHYS 121. 

505. Diffraction and Interferometry (3) II Diffraction theory.
Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction. Volume diffraction.
Scattering. Beam propagation. Concepts of coherence.
Interferometry. P, 501.

506. Optical Engineering II (3) II Aberration theory and
practice. Optical radiation detectors. Optical materials and
components. Practical optical design methods. P, 502.

507. Solid-State Optics (3) II Basic concepts in crystals and in
optical response; optical properties of phonons and
semiconductors; quantum wells; electro-optical properties of bulk
semiconductors; optical nonlinearities; solid state devices and
laser diodes. P, PHYS 435.

508. Probability and Statistics in Optics (3) II Probability
theory; random processes; optical applications; hypothesis
testing and estimation; physical applications. P, 501 or 509; 504
or 512.

509. Fundamentals of Physical Optics (4) I Electromagnetic
theory; interference; concepts of coherence; multiple-beam
interference and multilayer films; general, Fresnel, and
Fraunhofer diffraction; diffraction gratings; Gaussian beams;
holography; speckle. P, PHYS 116.

509L. Fundamentals of Physical Optics Laboratory (1) II
Laboratory in support of 509. P, 501 or 509.

510. Fundamentals of Applied Optics (4) II Optical systems;
Gaussian optics; aberrations; radiometry; sources; detectors;
optical engineering. P, PHYS 116, 121.

510L. Fundamentals of Applied Optics Laboratory (1) I First-order
design; assembly and alignment; camera lens layout and
construction; lens properties; aberrations; CCD-TV camera;
radiometry; illumination; distortion; MTF. P, 506 or 510.

511. Lasers and Solid-State Devices (4) II 1993-94 Microscopic
theory of light-matter interactions; lasers and other light
sources; solid-state optics; semiconductor diodes, lasers,
detectors; nonlinear optics. P, 501 or 509; 504 or 512.

511L. Lasers and Solid-State Devices Laboratory (1) I Gas and
semiconductor lasers; modes and beats; modelocking; spectrum
analysis; exitons and quantum wells; noise; modulators and
detectors; second-harmonic generation; coherent optical
transients. P, 503 or 511, 507.

512. Fourier and Statistical Optics (4) I Mathematical
background; convolution; the Fourier transform; linear filtering;
two-dimensional operations; diffraction; image formation;
probability and random variables; stochastic processes; random
data. P, MATH 223; PHYS 116 or PHYS 121.

512L. Mathematical Optics Laboratory (1) II Laboratory in support
of 504, 508 and 512. P, 504 or 512 and C SC 227 or SIE 270.

513. Optical Testing (3) I 1993-94 Metrology of components;
aspheric surface testing; assembly and alignment of systems;
system evaluation. P, 505 or 509, 506 or 510.

513L. Optical Testing Laboratory (1) I 1993-94 Laboratory in
support of 513. P, CR, 513.

514. Aberration Theory (3) I 1994-95 Aberration theory;
geometrical image formation; diffraction; pupil, spread, and
transfer functions; random wavefront perturbations; system
effects; image evaluation; image processing. P, 506.

517. Lens Design (4) I Fundamentals of optical system layout and
design; exact and paraxial ray tracing; aberration theory;
chromatic and monochromatic aberrations. 2R, 6L. P, 506.

527. Holography (3) II 1994-95 Historical background; the Gabor
hologram; the hologram as a zone plate; Fresnel, image, Fourier-
transform, and reflection holograms; practical holography;
limitations. P, 505. (Identical with ECE 527)

529. Information and Disorder in Optics and Physics (3) I
Information theories of Shannon, Kullback, Fisher, Channel
capacity, coding. Second law and information. Likelihood theory.
Probability- and physical-law estimation from information
concept. P, 508 or PHYS 528. (Identical with PHYS 529).

531. Image Processing Laboratory for Remote Sensing (3) I
(Identical with ECE 531)

532. Computer Vision (3) II (Identical with ECE 532)

533. Digital Image Processing (3) II 1993-94 (Identical with ECE

534. Advanced Topics in Electronic Materials (3) [Rpt./2] I 1994-
95 (Identical with MSE 534)

538. Medical Optics (3) I 1994-95 Imaging methods in radiology,
ultrasound, NMR, thermography, planar x-rays, classical
tomography, computed tomography, gamma ray emission methods,
positron imaging, digital radiography, xerographic methods. P,

539. Estimation Methods in Optics (3) I 1993-94 Bayesian MAP and
MMSE estimation, maximum entropy estimates, restoration of images
and spectra, phase retrieval, medical images, significance tests.
P, 502.

540a-540b. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy for Experimentalists
(3-3) (Identical with PHYS 540a-540b) May be convened with 440a-

541. Introduction to Lasers (3) II Laser theory; properties of
lasers; stimulated emission; dispersion theory; gain saturation
and rate equation; optical resonators; survey of laser types and
mechanisms. P, PHYS 103b.

541L. Introduction to Lasers Laboratory (1) II Laboratory in
support of 541. P, CR, 541.

543. Laser Physics (3) I Density matrix formulation of
interaction of radiation with matter; semiclassical laser theory;
single and multimode scalar fields; moving atoms; ring and Zeeman
lasers; pressure effects. P, 504. (Identical with PHYS 543)

544. Advanced Linear Optics (3) I 1993-94 Normal modes of matter;
macroscopic electrodynamics; optical activity; crystal optics;
electro-optics; magneto-optics; bulk acousto-optics; scattering.
P, 501.

545. Nonlinear Optics (3) II 1993-94 Scattering of light;
parametric amplification; Brillouin, Raman, Rayleigh scattering;
stimulated and spontaneous interactions; frequency
multiplication; intense field effects; materials damage theory.
P, 501.

550. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing (3) I Physics and methodology
of remote sensing; radiometry; data collection systems;
photointerpretation; photogrammetry; image enhancement and
classification; applications in the earth sciences.

558. Radiometry (3) I 1993-94 Units and nomenclature; Planck's
law; black bodies; gray bodies; spectral emitters; Kirchoff's
law; flux concepts; axial and off-axis irradiance; radiative
transfer; normalization; coherent illumination; radiometric
instruments. P, 501.

559. Infrared Techniques (3) I 1994-95 The radiant environment;
atmospheric properties; optical materials and systems; detector
description and use; data processing; displays, systems design
and analysis. P, 558.

561. Physics of the Solid State (3) II (Identical with PHYS 561)

563. Photoelectronic Imaging Devices (3) II Intensifiers; camera
tubes; storage tubes; specifications; evaluation; applications,
electronic optics, human visual process, photon detection. P,
PHYS 116.

566. Optical Detectors (3) II 1994-95 Photoconductors;
semiconductors; signal and noise mechanisms; figures of merit;
limitations on the sensitivity of detectors; photoemitters;
detectors of ionizing radiation. P, 502 and 506, 507.

568. Solid State Imaging Devices (3) II 1993-94 Charge transfer
devices, monolithic and hybrid focal planes, photoconductive,
photovoltaic, and pyroelectric detectors, figures of merit, time-
delay integration (TDI), fat zero, transfer efficiency, MTF,
double-correlated sampling, input techniques, output techniques,
buried chanel vs. surface channel devices. Lab experiments will
also be performed as part of this class. P, 507.

569. Photoelectronic Imaging Devices Lab (1) II 1993-94 Charge
transfer devices, monolithic and hybrid focal planes,
photoconductive, photovoltaic, and pyroelectric detectors,
figures of merit, time-delay integration (TDI), fat zero,
transfer efficiency, MTP, double-correlated sampling, input
techniques, output techniques, buried channel vs. surface channel
devices. P, 507.

576. Optical Wave Guides and Integrated Optics (3) I 1994-95
Guided waves in dielectric films and fibers; beam-to-guide
couplers; general coupled-mode formalism; linear and nonlinear
interactions; survey of devices for integrated optics. P, 501.

577. Optics of Thin Films (3) II Dielectric interference films;
semiconductor and metallic films; planar wave guide films; design
methods for multilayer interference filter coatings; thin film
components for integrated optical circuits. P, 505.

587. Fiber Optics Laboratory (3) II For a description of course
topics, see 487. Graduate-level requirements include performance
of a more advanced set of experiments and demonstration of a
deeper knowledge of the subject. (Identical with ECE 587) May be
convened with 487.

590. Remote Sensing for the Study of Planet Earth (3) II 1993-94
(Identical with REM 590) May be convened with 490.

595. Colloquium
a. Current Subjects in Optical Sciences (1) I II

596. Seminar
a. Introduction to Thin-Film Techniques (2) I 1993-94 P, PHYS

597. Workshop
a. Optical Shop Practices (3) I II 1R, 6L. P, 513, 513L.

637. Principles of Image Sciences (3) II Mathematical description
of imaging systems and noise; introduction to inverse problems;
introduction to statistical decision theory; prior information;
image reconstruction and radon transform; image quality;
applications in medical imaging; other imaging systems. P, 504 or
512, 508.

643. Quantum Optics (3) II 1994-95 Quantum theory of
electromagnetic radiation; spontaneous emission; Dicke
superradiance; optical coherence and noise; quantum theory of the
laser; superconductivity and Josephson radiation. P, 543.
(Identical with PHYS 643)

656a-656b. Atmospheric Radiation and Remote Sensing (3-3) 1994-95
(Identical with ATMO 656a-656b)

670. Principles of Optical Data Storage (3) II 1993-94 Optics of
polarized light in systems of high numerical aperture; automatic
focusing and tracking schemes; interaction of light with magnetic
media; readout enhancement through multilayering; physical
mechanisms of optical recording in ablative, phase-change,
thermomagnetic and dye-polymer media; sources of noise in optical
recording; data encoding schemes. P, consent of instructor.

680. Microcomputer Interfacing in the Optics Laboratory (3) I
Design and construction of interfaces between microcomputer
systems and a variety of devices in the optics laboratory,
including switches, motors, optical sensors, displays and
terminals. Hardware and assembly language software drivers. 1R,

696. Seminar
a. Advanced Optical Design (1-3) II P, 517.


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