The University of Arizona 199395 General Catalog Catalog Home All UA Catalogs UA Home

Optical Sciences (OPTI) Optical Sciences Center, Room 401 (520) 6263689 Graduate Interdisciplinary Program in Optical Sciences Committee: Professors Richard C. Powell, Chair, J. Roger P. Angel (Steward Observatory), George H. Atkinson (Chemistry), Harrison H. Barrett (Radiology), Peter H. Bartels (Pathology), James J. Burke, William J. Dallas (Radiology), Eustace L. Dereniak, Charles M. Falco (Physics), Peter A. Franken (Physics), B. Roy Frieden, Bobby R. Hunt (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Kenneth F. Galloway (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Jack D. Gaskill (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Hyatt M. Gibbs, Kenneth A. Jackson (Material Science and Engineering), Stephen F. Jacobs, Stephan W. Koch (Physics), George L. Lamb, Jr. (Mathematics), Willis E. Lamb, Jr. (Physics), H. Angus Macleod (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Masud Mansuripur, Arvind S. Marathay, Aden B. Meinel (Emeritus), Pierre Meystre, Dennis D. Patton (Radiology), Nasser Peyghambarian, John A. Reagan (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Ralph M. Richard (Emeritus), Murray Sargent III, Dror Sarid, Bernard O. Seraphin (Emeritus), Roland V. Shack, Robert R. Shannon (Emeritus), Richard L. Shoemaker, Philip N. Slater (Remote Sensing), A. Francis Turner (Emeritus), Donald R. Uhlmann (Materials Science), William H. Wing (Physics), William L. Wolfe, Jr. (Radiology), James C. Wyant (Electrical and Computer Engineering) Associate Professors Arthur F. Gmitro (Radiology), John E. Greivenkamp, Jr., Raymond K. Kostuk (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Robert R. Schowengerdt (Electrical and Computer Engineering, Arid Lands Resource Sciences), Robin N. Strickland (Electrical and Computer Engineering) Assistant Professors Katherine Creath, Galina Khitrova, Thomas D. Milster, Mark A. Neifeld (Electrical and Computer Engineering), Ewan M. Wright Lecturer James M. Palmer Adjunct Lecturer Robert E. Parks Qualified applicants holding undergraduate degrees in engineering, mathematics or physics are admitted to undertake graduate programs in optical sciences. Current active research areas include electrooptics, image formation, image processing, laser physics, materials, medical optics, nonlinear optics, optical bistability, optical design, optical fabrication and testing, optical properties of materials, pattern recognition, quantum optics, remote sensing, spectroscopy, surface physics, and thinfilm technology. Interdisciplinary programs in progress involve the departments of Astronomy, Chemistry, Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Physics, and Radiology, as well as the Arizona Research Laboratory, the Optical Circuitry Cooperative and the Optical Data Storage Center. The degrees of Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy are offered with a major in optical sciences. For admission and degree requirements, please see the Graduate Catalog. A related program in which the Optical Sciences Center plays a major role is the undergraduate optical engineering program administered by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the College of Engineering and Mines. (See the College of Engineering and Mines section of this catalog for specific information and requirements related to this program.) 210. Geometrical Optics (3) I Basic principles of light, refraction, reflection, paraxial optics, pupils and stops, properties of optical glass, visual and other instruments, aberrations, measurement and testing. 2R, 3L. P, MATH 125a. (Identical with ECE 210) 210L. Geometrical Optics Laboratory (1) I P, CR, 210. (Identical with ECE 210L) 226. Physical Optics (3) II Fundamentals of electromagnetic waves; plane harmonic waves; light as a vector wave, reflection and refraction, interference, diffraction. 2R, 3L. P, 210, PHYS 116. (Identical with ECE 226) 226L. Physical Optics Laboratory (1) II Fundamentals of electromagnetic waves; plane harmonic waves; light as a vector wave, reflection and refraction, interference, diffraction. P, CR, 226. (Identical with ECE 226L) 350. Radiometry, Sources and Detectors (3) I Symbols, units and nomenclature; geometrical radiation transfer, radiometric measurements, blackbody radiation, sources, noise, detectors, sourcedetector interfaces. P, 226. (Identical with ECE 350) 370. Lasers and ElectroOptical Devices (3) II Elements of solid state physics, laser physics and laser light, laser components, systems and measurements; display devices, light modulators, laser beam manipulation. P, 350, PHYS 330. (Identical with ECE 370) 412. Optical Instrumentation (3) I Microscopes, telescopes, cameras, highspeed photography, diffraction gratings, fiber optics, ophthalmic instruments; medical optical instruments, adaptive optics, optical scanners. P, 370. (Identical with ECE 412) 416. Optical Design, Fabrication and Testing (4) II Optical design, optical fabrication and testing, optical materials and coatings, lens mounting and centering. P, 412. (Identical with ECE 416) 434. Electrical and Optical Properties of Materials (3) I 199394 (Identical with MSE 434). 440a440b. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy for Experimentalists (33) (Identical with PHYS 440a440b) May be convened with 540a 540b. 470a470b. Optics Laboratory (3) 470a: Properties of prisms, cardinal points of lenses, microscope objectives, descent sources, fluorescent sources, photomultipliers, CCD's. P, ECE 351a, CR 412. 470b: Kerr and Pockels cells, liquid crystal light valves, measurement of optical fiber characteristics, signal transmission, Fourier transforming properties of lenses, spatial filtering, transmission, reflection, image and rainbow holograms. P, 470a, CR 416. (Identical with ECE 470a470b) 487. Fiber Optics Laboratory (3) II Fiber characteristics; fiber preparation; single and multimode fibers; sources; coupling; communication systems; multiplexing techniques; fiberoptic sensors. P, ECE 456. (Identical with ECE 487) May be convened with 587. 490. Remote Sensing for the Study of Planet Earth (3) II 199394 (Identical with REM 490) May be convened with 590. 501. Electromagnetic Waves (3) I Maxwell's equations. Vector and scalar wave equations. Vector and scalar potentials and gauges. Green's functions and boundary value problems. Reflection and refraction. Optics of isotropic materials. Optics of crystals. P, PHYS 116. 502. Optical Engineering I (3) I Rays and wavefronts; Fermat's principle; Snell's law; dispersion; systems of plane mirrors; Gaussian and paraxial imagery; Delano diagram; radiometry; Blackbody radiation; Sources. P, PHYS 116, 121. 503. Quantum Optics and Lasers (3) I Quantum background; interaction of light with matter; twolevel atom; lasers; nonlinear optics. P, PHYS 435 (Identical with PHYS 503) 504. Mathematical Methods for Optics (3) I Complex variables; Fourier theory and applications to imaging; coherent and incoherent imaging; other integral transforms; special functions and orthogonal polynomials; linear algebra; integral equations; Green's functions. P, Math 223; PHYS 116 or PHYS 121. 505. Diffraction and Interferometry (3) II Diffraction theory. Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction. Volume diffraction. Scattering. Beam propagation. Concepts of coherence. Interferometry. P, 501. 506. Optical Engineering II (3) II Aberration theory and practice. Optical radiation detectors. Optical materials and components. Practical optical design methods. P, 502. 507. SolidState Optics (3) II Basic concepts in crystals and in optical response; optical properties of phonons and semiconductors; quantum wells; electrooptical properties of bulk semiconductors; optical nonlinearities; solid state devices and laser diodes. P, PHYS 435. 508. Probability and Statistics in Optics (3) II Probability theory; random processes; optical applications; hypothesis testing and estimation; physical applications. P, 501 or 509; 504 or 512. 509. Fundamentals of Physical Optics (4) I Electromagnetic theory; interference; concepts of coherence; multiplebeam interference and multilayer films; general, Fresnel, and Fraunhofer diffraction; diffraction gratings; Gaussian beams; holography; speckle. P, PHYS 116. 509L. Fundamentals of Physical Optics Laboratory (1) II Laboratory in support of 509. P, 501 or 509. 510. Fundamentals of Applied Optics (4) II Optical systems; Gaussian optics; aberrations; radiometry; sources; detectors; optical engineering. P, PHYS 116, 121. 510L. Fundamentals of Applied Optics Laboratory (1) I Firstorder design; assembly and alignment; camera lens layout and construction; lens properties; aberrations; CCDTV camera; radiometry; illumination; distortion; MTF. P, 506 or 510. 511. Lasers and SolidState Devices (4) II 199394 Microscopic theory of lightmatter interactions; lasers and other light sources; solidstate optics; semiconductor diodes, lasers, detectors; nonlinear optics. P, 501 or 509; 504 or 512. 511L. Lasers and SolidState Devices Laboratory (1) I Gas and semiconductor lasers; modes and beats; modelocking; spectrum analysis; exitons and quantum wells; noise; modulators and detectors; secondharmonic generation; coherent optical transients. P, 503 or 511, 507. 512. Fourier and Statistical Optics (4) I Mathematical background; convolution; the Fourier transform; linear filtering; twodimensional operations; diffraction; image formation; probability and random variables; stochastic processes; random data. P, MATH 223; PHYS 116 or PHYS 121. 512L. Mathematical Optics Laboratory (1) II Laboratory in support of 504, 508 and 512. P, 504 or 512 and C SC 227 or SIE 270. 513. Optical Testing (3) I 199394 Metrology of components; aspheric surface testing; assembly and alignment of systems; system evaluation. P, 505 or 509, 506 or 510. 513L. Optical Testing Laboratory (1) I 199394 Laboratory in support of 513. P, CR, 513. 514. Aberration Theory (3) I 199495 Aberration theory; geometrical image formation; diffraction; pupil, spread, and transfer functions; random wavefront perturbations; system effects; image evaluation; image processing. P, 506. 517. Lens Design (4) I Fundamentals of optical system layout and design; exact and paraxial ray tracing; aberration theory; chromatic and monochromatic aberrations. 2R, 6L. P, 506. 527. Holography (3) II 199495 Historical background; the Gabor hologram; the hologram as a zone plate; Fresnel, image, Fourier transform, and reflection holograms; practical holography; limitations. P, 505. (Identical with ECE 527) 529. Information and Disorder in Optics and Physics (3) I Information theories of Shannon, Kullback, Fisher, Channel capacity, coding. Second law and information. Likelihood theory. Probability and physicallaw estimation from information concept. P, 508 or PHYS 528. (Identical with PHYS 529). 531. Image Processing Laboratory for Remote Sensing (3) I (Identical with ECE 531) 532. Computer Vision (3) II (Identical with ECE 532) 533. Digital Image Processing (3) II 199394 (Identical with ECE 533) 534. Advanced Topics in Electronic Materials (3) [Rpt./2] I 1994 95 (Identical with MSE 534) 538. Medical Optics (3) I 199495 Imaging methods in radiology, ultrasound, NMR, thermography, planar xrays, classical tomography, computed tomography, gamma ray emission methods, positron imaging, digital radiography, xerographic methods. P, 502. 539. Estimation Methods in Optics (3) I 199394 Bayesian MAP and MMSE estimation, maximum entropy estimates, restoration of images and spectra, phase retrieval, medical images, significance tests. P, 502. 540a540b. Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy for Experimentalists (33) (Identical with PHYS 540a540b) May be convened with 440a 440b. 541. Introduction to Lasers (3) II Laser theory; properties of lasers; stimulated emission; dispersion theory; gain saturation and rate equation; optical resonators; survey of laser types and mechanisms. P, PHYS 103b. 541L. Introduction to Lasers Laboratory (1) II Laboratory in support of 541. P, CR, 541. 543. Laser Physics (3) I Density matrix formulation of interaction of radiation with matter; semiclassical laser theory; single and multimode scalar fields; moving atoms; ring and Zeeman lasers; pressure effects. P, 504. (Identical with PHYS 543) 544. Advanced Linear Optics (3) I 199394 Normal modes of matter; macroscopic electrodynamics; optical activity; crystal optics; electrooptics; magnetooptics; bulk acoustooptics; scattering. P, 501. 545. Nonlinear Optics (3) II 199394 Scattering of light; parametric amplification; Brillouin, Raman, Rayleigh scattering; stimulated and spontaneous interactions; frequency multiplication; intense field effects; materials damage theory. P, 501. 550. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing (3) I Physics and methodology of remote sensing; radiometry; data collection systems; photointerpretation; photogrammetry; image enhancement and classification; applications in the earth sciences. 558. Radiometry (3) I 199394 Units and nomenclature; Planck's law; black bodies; gray bodies; spectral emitters; Kirchoff's law; flux concepts; axial and offaxis irradiance; radiative transfer; normalization; coherent illumination; radiometric instruments. P, 501. 559. Infrared Techniques (3) I 199495 The radiant environment; atmospheric properties; optical materials and systems; detector description and use; data processing; displays, systems design and analysis. P, 558. 561. Physics of the Solid State (3) II (Identical with PHYS 561) 563. Photoelectronic Imaging Devices (3) II Intensifiers; camera tubes; storage tubes; specifications; evaluation; applications, electronic optics, human visual process, photon detection. P, PHYS 116. 566. Optical Detectors (3) II 199495 Photoconductors; semiconductors; signal and noise mechanisms; figures of merit; limitations on the sensitivity of detectors; photoemitters; detectors of ionizing radiation. P, 502 and 506, 507. 568. Solid State Imaging Devices (3) II 199394 Charge transfer devices, monolithic and hybrid focal planes, photoconductive, photovoltaic, and pyroelectric detectors, figures of merit, time delay integration (TDI), fat zero, transfer efficiency, MTF, doublecorrelated sampling, input techniques, output techniques, buried chanel vs. surface channel devices. Lab experiments will also be performed as part of this class. P, 507. 569. Photoelectronic Imaging Devices Lab (1) II 199394 Charge transfer devices, monolithic and hybrid focal planes, photoconductive, photovoltaic, and pyroelectric detectors, figures of merit, timedelay integration (TDI), fat zero, transfer efficiency, MTP, doublecorrelated sampling, input techniques, output techniques, buried channel vs. surface channel devices. P, 507. 576. Optical Wave Guides and Integrated Optics (3) I 199495 Guided waves in dielectric films and fibers; beamtoguide couplers; general coupledmode formalism; linear and nonlinear interactions; survey of devices for integrated optics. P, 501. 577. Optics of Thin Films (3) II Dielectric interference films; semiconductor and metallic films; planar wave guide films; design methods for multilayer interference filter coatings; thin film components for integrated optical circuits. P, 505. 587. Fiber Optics Laboratory (3) II For a description of course topics, see 487. Graduatelevel requirements include performance of a more advanced set of experiments and demonstration of a deeper knowledge of the subject. (Identical with ECE 587) May be convened with 487. 590. Remote Sensing for the Study of Planet Earth (3) II 199394 (Identical with REM 590) May be convened with 490. 595. Colloquium a. Current Subjects in Optical Sciences (1) I II 596. Seminar a. Introduction to ThinFilm Techniques (2) I 199394 P, PHYS 330. 597. Workshop a. Optical Shop Practices (3) I II 1R, 6L. P, 513, 513L. 637. Principles of Image Sciences (3) II Mathematical description of imaging systems and noise; introduction to inverse problems; introduction to statistical decision theory; prior information; image reconstruction and radon transform; image quality; applications in medical imaging; other imaging systems. P, 504 or 512, 508. 643. Quantum Optics (3) II 199495 Quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation; spontaneous emission; Dicke superradiance; optical coherence and noise; quantum theory of the laser; superconductivity and Josephson radiation. P, 543. (Identical with PHYS 643) 656a656b. Atmospheric Radiation and Remote Sensing (33) 199495 (Identical with ATMO 656a656b) 670. Principles of Optical Data Storage (3) II 199394 Optics of polarized light in systems of high numerical aperture; automatic focusing and tracking schemes; interaction of light with magnetic media; readout enhancement through multilayering; physical mechanisms of optical recording in ablative, phasechange, thermomagnetic and dyepolymer media; sources of noise in optical recording; data encoding schemes. P, consent of instructor. 680. Microcomputer Interfacing in the Optics Laboratory (3) I Design and construction of interfaces between microcomputer systems and a variety of devices in the optics laboratory, including switches, motors, optical sensors, displays and terminals. Hardware and assembly language software drivers. 1R, 6L. 696. Seminar a. Advanced Optical Design (13) II P, 517. 
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