The University of Arizona  1993-95 General Catalog

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Anthropology (ANTH)
Anthropology Building, Room 210
(520) 621-2585

Professors William A. Longacre, Head, Ellen B. Basso, Hermann K.
Bleibtreu, John H. Chilcott (Emeritus), T. Patrick Culbert, A.
Richard Diebold (Emeritus), C. Vance Haynes (Geosciences),
Richard N. Henderson, Jane H. Hill, Arthur J. Jelinek (Emeritus),
W. David Kingery, Carol Kramer, Jerrold E. Levy, Mary Ellen
Morbeck, Robert M. Netting, James E. Officer (Emeritus), Stanley
J. Olsen, Susan U. Philips, William L. Rathje, J. Jefferson Reid,
Michael B. Schiffer, Alice E. Schlegel, William A. Stini, Clara
Lee Tanner (Emerita), Raymond H. Thompson, Paul R. Turner
(Emeritus), Jane H. Underwood, Carlos Velez-Ibanez, Thomas
Weaver, William J. Robinson (Emeritus), Norman Yoffee, Stephen L.
Zegura

Associate Professors Constance Cronin, Mark Nichter, John W.
Olsen, Thomas K. Park, Richard A. Thompson, Brackette F. Williams

Assistant Professors Ana Alonso, Marcia C. Inhorn, David J.
Killick, Barbara J. Mills, Daniel Nugent, Willem J. de Reuse

Lecturers Jan Bell (Arizona State Museum), Bruce Hilpert (Arizona
State Museum), Daniel S. Matson (Arizona State Museum), Nancy
Odegaard (Arizona State Museum), Charles W. Polzer (Arizona State
Museum), R. Gwinnett Vivian (Arizona State Museum)

Adjunct Professors Bryant Bannister (Laboratory of Tree-Ring
Research) Emeritus), Jeffrey S. Dean (Laboratory of Tree-Ring
Research), Paul R. Fish (Arizona State Museum), William J.
Robinson (Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research

Adjunct Associate Professors E. Charles Adams (Arizona State
Museum), James Greenberg (Bureau of Applied Research in
Anthropology), Kenneth Kvamme (Arizona State Museum), Nancy
Parezo (Arizona State Museum), Thomas Sheridan (Arizona State
Museum)

Adjunct Assistant Professors Timothy Finan (Bureau of Applied
Research in Anthropology), Helen Henderson (Bureau of Applied
Research in Anthropology), Thomas McGuire (Bureau of Applied
Research in Anthropology)

Research Anthropologist Emory Sekaquaptewa (Bureau of Applied
Research in Anthropology), 

The science of anthropology is the study of human beings, their
origins, thought, and behavior. The Department of Anthropology
offers graduate and undergraduate course work in four
subdisciplines: cultural anthropology, physical anthropology,
archaeology, and linguistic anthropology, as well as specialized
training for field research. Special programs in museum studies,
cultural resource management, and forensic anthropology draw upon
the extensive resources of the Arizona State Museum. The Bureau
of Applied Research in Anthropology is a center for applied
anthropological research in the American Southwest and similar
multicultural and ecological settings elsewhere in the world. The
department cooperates with the Arizona Health Sciences Center in
offering a program in medical anthropology.

The degrees offered by the department are the Bachelor of Arts,
Master of Arts, and Doctor of Philosophy with a major in
anthropology.

The major for the B.A. requires a minimum of 36 units of
anthropology, 18 of which must be in upper-division courses. All
majors must take 101, 102, 200, 235, 265, and 276, which provide
the student with basic training in all four subdisciplines. The
student may then select one of three programs: (1) a general
program which requires one upper-division course in each of the
four subdisciplines plus two additional upper-division courses (a
minimum of six courses); (2) a special program which requires
three upper-division courses in each of two subdisciplines (a
minimum of six courses); or (3) a topical or areal specialization
approved by the undergraduate advisor (a minimum of six upper-
division courses).

The supporting minor may be chosen from any department or program
within the University.

The department participates in the Honors Program.

101. Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology (3) I
II Basic concepts and methods used by physical anthropologists
and archaeologists.

102. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology and Linguistic
Anthropology (3) I II Basic concepts and methods used by cultural
and linguistic anthropologists.

110. Exploring Archaeology (3) I An introduction to the past as
revealed by archaeological research; from Neanderthals and their
antecedents to Stonehenge, Maya pyramids, and Homer's Troy.

111. Exploring Physical Anthropology (3) I II An introduction to
human evolution for the non-science student. 

171. Ancient Civilizations of the Near East (3) I (Identical with
NES 171)

172. Islamic Civilization: Traditional and Modern Middle East (3)
II (Identical with NES 172)

195. Colloquium
a. Anthropology (1) II
c. Aztecs (1) II

200. Cultural Anthropology (3) I II Contemporary theories and
methods in use among cultural anthropologists. Open to majors
only.

205. Prehistoric Peoples of the Southwest (3) I II Nontechnical
discussion of the lifeways of the ancient people of the
Southwest. (Identical with AINS 205)

206. Native Peoples of the Southwest (3) I II Nontechnical
discussion of Southwestern Indian cultures from historic times to
the present. (Identical with AINS 206)

235. Principles of Archaeology (3) I II History of archaeological
research; survey of concepts and methods for the study of
prehistoric cultures.

250H. Ethnographic Foundations (3) I An honors course that
focuses upon the work of a single anthropologist whose writings
substantially shaped the history of the field.

251. Social Constraints on Engineering (3) [Rpt./1] I (Identical
with MSE 251)

257. Materials Science of Art and Archaeological Objects (3) II
(Identical with MSE 257)

258. Materials Science of Art and Archaeological Objects
Laboratory (1) II (Identical with MSE 258)

265. Human Evolution (3) I II Neontological and paleontological
approaches to human evolution and variation, nonhuman primate
studies, bio-molecular and anatomical variation, bio-cultural
responses to environmental stress. P, 101 or 111.

276. The Nature of Language (3) I II An introduction to the basic
concepts of linguistic anthropology and their implications for
the study of culture and society.

303. Gender and Language (3) I Gender differences in language use
among adults and children and their sociocultural bases.
(Identical with LING 303 and W S 303) Writing-Emphasis Course*

304. Introduction to Archaeological Fieldwork (3) II 1994-95
Practical excavation, class discussion, mapping and the
preliminary stages of artifact analysis. 2R, 6L. Field trips.

305. Cultural Change (3) I A review of theories of cultural and
social change with case studies. P, 200.

307. Ecological Anthropology (3) I Cultural adaptation, with
emphasis on the systematic interaction of environment,
technology, and social organization among hunter-gatherers,
nomadic herders, and peasant farmers.

308. Family, Household and Society (3) I Introduction to the
cross-cultural analysis of family and kinship systems. Writing-
Emphasis Course.*

310. Culture and the Individual (3) I II Cultural and
psychological dimensions of human development and human behavior.
(Identical with SOC 310)

315. World Ethnography (3) I II The comparative study of selected
societies of the world through extensive use of the media.
Writing-Emphasis Course.*

316. Political Economy of Language in the Southwest (3) I
Interethnic and interclass contests over language and meanings in
development of Southwest as a "region," in relation to access to
material resources and civil rights. P, junior standing. Writing-
Emphasis Course*

319. Mexican American Culture (3) I Historical background,
cultural institutions, identity problems, social relations, and
expectations of people of Mexican ancestry in the United States.
(Identical with LA S 319 and MAS 319)

320. Evolution of the Earliest States (3) I 1994-95 Intensive
introduction to the evolution of the world's earliest states:
Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus, China, Peru, Maya, Mexico. Comparative
topics include urbanism, elites, economics, literacy and
collapse. P, 101, 110, or consult department before enrolling.

325. Faunal Analysis from Europe, Asia and Africa (3) II 1994-95
Provides a working background of the faunas from sites on the
Mediterranean area, Near East, Egypt, and portions of Asia, with
selected well-known sites from these areas used as examples. The
more important examples of contemporary fauna, identified from
bones and related works of art, will be discussed for all classes
of animals from fish to mammals. (Identical with CLAS 325)

329. Cultures and Societies of Africa (3) II Introduction to
African prehistory, social anthropology, ecology, religions,
ancient and modern state formation, slavery, urbanization, and
contemporary issues. (Identical with AAS 329) 

331. Anthropology and Development (3) II 1993-94 The role of
anthropology in interdisciplinary projects involving economic
development and planned change on the national and international
levels. P, 3 units of anthropology. (Identical with LA S 331) 

334. Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (3) II 1993-94
(Identical with CLAS 334)

335. Archaeological Interpretation (3) II 1994-95 Survey of
modern methods and theories in archaeology, with emphasis on
current archaeological problems being investigated throughout the
world. P, 235.

337. Studies in Modern Material Culture (3) II Studies relating
contemporary behavior and material culture will be planned,
implemented and evaluated to test methods of archaeological
interpretation in modern societies and to develop new nonreactive
methods of social science research. P, 3 units of social science.

340a-340b. Introduction to Classical Art and Archaeology (3-3)
1993-94 (Identical with CLAS 340a-340b)

364. Primatology (3) II Comparative primate biology, behavior,
ecology and evolution. P, 111 or 265. Writing-Emphasis Course*

375. Ethnography of the Middle East (3) II Introduction to and
critical examination of the ethnographic literature on the
peoples/cultures of the Middle East. Focus on social
organization, cultural meanings, and regional political economy.
(Identical with NES 375)

384. Sociology of Latin American Societies (3) II (Identical with
SOC 384)

396H. Honors Proseminar (3) I II

400. Processes of Culture Change (3) II Intensive investigation
of specific theories and varieties  of culture change. P, 200.
May be convened with 500.

401. Ancient Mesopotamia (3) I 1994-95 Sumerian, Babylonian, and
Assyrian civilization from the first cuneiform documents to the
fall of the neo-Babylonian empire, with special attention to
issues of sociopolitical organization. P, NES 171, ANTH 101, 110
or consult department before enrolling. (Identical with HIST 401
and NES 401) May be convened with 501.

402. Gender and Language in Japan (3) I 1994-95 (Identical with
JPN 402)

403. Anthropology of Conflict Resolution (3) II Decision making,
conflict, and violence from a cross-cultural perspective, aiming
to build both understanding of conflict processes and skills for
managing and resolving them. May be convened with 503.

405. Urban Adaptation of Ethnic Groups (3) I A survey of
adaptations of ethnic and social groups to urban areas, focusing
on a different group or region each semester. May be convened
with 505.

406. Gender and Social Identity (3) II An analysis of the social
and cultural construction of gender across cultures. Emphasis
will be on preindustrial societies, using data to test theories
of gender. (Identical with W S 406) May be convened with 506.
Writing-Emphasis Course.*

407. Bilingualism in the Southwest (3) I II Historical background
and theoretical issues dealing with linguistic minority groups in
the Southwest. Field trip. (Identical with MAS 407) May be
convened with 507.

408. Anthropology and Public Policy (3) II Examines the
development, goals, techniques, and practices of anthropology as
a policy science. May be convened with 508.

409. Economic Anthropology (3) II Analysis of production,
exchange, distribution, consumption, property, economic surplus,
inheritance, and types of economic structure. P, 200, or 12 units
of economics. (Identical with ECON 409 and LA S 409) May be
convened with 509.

410. Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology (3) I 1993-94 Using
ethnoarchaeological and ethnographic case studies from diverse
geographical areas, the course examines relationships between
ceramics and a range of matters traditionally of interest to
archaeologists. May be convened with 510.

411. Anthropology of Religion (3) I Comparative approaches to the
study of religion; systems of ritual and symbolization in the
primitive world; shamanism and possession; religious movements;
religion in the modern world. (Identical with RELI 411) May be
convened with 511.

412. Peasants and Peasant Societies (3) II 1993-94 Comparison of
approaches to analyzing the peasantry. Special concern with
peasant political mobilization and consciousness. (Identical with
SOC 412) May be convened with 512. Research-Writing-Emphasis
Course.*

413. Ethnology of the Southwest (3) II Culture history and
economic, social, and religious institutions of the living people
of the Southwest. P, 200. (Identical with AINS 413) May be
convened with 513. Writing-Emphasis Course.*

414a-414b. Indians of the Southwest (3-3) S History, arts and
crafts, economics, social institutions, religions, and mythology
of the present-day Indians of the Southwest.

416. Contemporary Indian America (3) II 1994-95 The historical
development and contemporary  significance of the reservation
system in the life of the Native American of the United States.
(Identical with AINS 416) May be convened with 516.

417. Cultures of Ancient Mexico (3) S Archaeological and
ethnohistoric survey of the civilizations of ancient Mexico from
earliest times to the period of the Spanish Conquest. Field
trips. (Identical with LA S 417) May be convened with 517.

419. Psychological Anthropology (3) II Cultural emphasis and
experiences as basic shaping forces in personal development and
emotion. Topics include psychoanalysis and anthropology, gender
and sexuality, childhood, grief and mourning, dreaming,
psychopathology. P, 102 or 200. May be convened with 519.

420. Contemporary American Culture (3) Diverse perspectives on
American values as expressed in organization of kinship, space,
bureaucracies, media, social classes, ethnic groups, religious
sects and movements. May be convened with 520.

421. Ethnology of North America (3) I Origin and distribution of
native populations of North America; historical development and
interrelations of cultures. P, 200. May be convened with 521.

422a-422b-422c. Pre-Hispanic Art (3-3-3) (Identical with ARH
422a-422b-422c) May be convened with 522a-522b-522c.

423. Anthropology of Rural Mexico (3) II 1993-94 Historical and
cultural background, and contemporary economic, political and
social organization of indigenous and non-indigenous groups in
rural Mexico. Primarily concerned with the people of the
countryside, and the Mexican revolution. (Identical with AINS
423, LA S 423 and MAS 423) May be convened with 523.

425. Language Variation (3) II (Identical with LING 425) May be
convened with 525.

427a. The Prehistory of East Asia (3) I The origins and
subsequent development of prehistoric cultures in China, Japan,
Korea, Mongolia, Siberia and Southeast Asia.  Broad concepts such
as cultural change and environmental adaptation are stressed in
order to draw parallels among these geographically and culturally
diverse regions. P, 101. (Identical with EAS 427a) May be
convened with 527a.

427b. The Archaeology of Pre-Han China (3) II The origin and
florescence of Chinese culture and civilization from an
archaeological perspective. An in-depth survey of Chinese
prehistory and early history from the early Pleistocene to the
third century BC. 427a is not a prerequisite for 427b. P, 101;
consult department before enrolling. (Identical with CHN 427b)
May be convened with 527b.

430. The Anthropology of Visual Art (3) II An introduction to the
anthropology of visual art and the interdisciplinary
methodologies and techniques of studying art and aesthetics
cross-culturally as sociocultural phenomena. P, 200. (Identical
with AINS 430) May be convened with 530.

432. Peoples of the Pacific (3) I II Populations and cultures of
Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia; variability of these
"natural laboratory" settings in an ecological framework. May be
convened with 532.

433. Laboratory in Zooarchaeology (3) I 1994-95 Fragmentary
animal remains in archaeological interpretation. Diagnostic
morphological features; role in cultural interpretation.
Analytical techniques; lab. analysis; report preparation. 1R, 6L.
May be convened with 533.

434. Kinship and Social Organization (3) II Principles in the
comparative study of social systems; types of social structure.
P, 200, or 9 units of sociology (Identical with SOC 434) May be
convened with 534. Writing-Emphasis Course.*

435. Principles of Archaeological Fieldwork (3) II 1993-94
Introduction to the principles of archaeological fieldwork, with
emphasis on method and theory of survey and excavation. 2R, 3L.
P, 235. May be convened with 535.

436. Japanese Sociolinguistics (3) [Rpt./1] I Identical with JPN
436)

438. Zooarchaeology (3) I 1993-94 Animals in relation to man,
with emphasis on past cultures,  especially in the Southwest;
morphology of animal skeletons; identification and interpretation
of fragmentary remains. May be convened with 538.

439. Beginnings of Animal Domestication (3) II 1994-95 Beginnings
of animal domestication in the Old World and introductions of Old
World domesticates into the New World. Prehistoric animal
domestication in the New World. May be convened with 539.

441. Organization of Museums (3) I An intensive introduction to
museum studies, with emphasis on the history, philosophy,
structure, and function of museums. May be convened with 541.

442a-442b. Field Training in Archaeology (3-3) S Archaeological
methods, theory, and field techniques. 442a: Three-week field
excavation and survey. Fee. 442b: Three-week laboratory
processing and analysis. Fee. Registration restricted. Contact
department for application, which must be returned by April 1.

443a-443b. The Archaeology of Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece (3-
3) (Identical with CLAS 443a-443b) May be convened with 543a-
543b.

445. Museum Exhibition (3) II Method and theory in museum exhibit
design. May be convened with 545.

447. Anasazi Archaelogy (3) Detailed review of the archaeology of
the Colorado Plateau emphasizing its agriculturally-based
occupants, the Anasazi, and their descendants, the Pueblo
Indians. P, ANTH 452 recommended but not required. May be
convened with 547.

448. Writing Culture (3) [Rpt.] I The development of
anthropological writing as it has moved toward cultural critique:
the use of knowledge of other cultures to examine the assumptions
of our own. Comparison of ethnographic examples. May be convened
with 548.

449a-449b. Folklore (3-3) (Identical with ENGL 449a-449b) May be
convened with 549a-549b.

450. Social Stratification (3) I II (Identical with SOC 450)

451. Archaeology of North America (3) I Intensive survey of the
development of culture in North America from the time of the
initial peopling of the New World to the historic period. May be
convened with 551.

453a-453b. Mesoamerican Archaeology (3-3) I II Development of
culture in Mexico and Central America from the origins of
agriculture through the Spanish Conquest. 453a: Maya culture.
453b: The culture of Mexico north of the Maya area. 453a is not
prerequisite to 453b. (Identical with LA S 453a-453b and MAS
453a-453b) May be convened with 553a-553b. Writing-Emphasis
Course.*

454. Andean Archaeology (3) II 1994-95 Development of culture in
the Andean countries of South America from hunters and gatherers
of the terminal Pleistocene through Inca civilization. (Identical
with LA S 454) May be convened with 554.

455. Ethnoarchaeology (3) I 1994-95 History, method, and theory
of ethnoarchaeology with case studies of the use of ethnography
in archaeological interpretation and theory-building. May be
convened with 555.

456a-456b. Old World Prehistory (3-3) I II A survey and
interpretation of archaeological evidence for human cultural
development of the Old World prior to the appearance of literate
societies. 456a: The Paleolithic; from earliest tools to the cave
artists at the end of the Ice Age. 456b: From hunting and
gathering to megalithic monuments following the Ice Age. May be
convened with 556a-556b.

457. Prehistoric Mesopotamia (3) I 1993-94 Theories of the rise
of civilization tested against archaeological data from
Mesopotamia with comparative material from other areas. Time
period: end of the Paleolithic to historic (Sumerian)
civilization. (Identical with NES 457) May be convened with 557.

458. Historical Archaeology (3) II 1993-94 Survey of the basic
data and methods of research in the material culture of modern
history. The New World from first European contacts to the 20th
century. May be convened with 558.

460. History of Archaeological Theory (3) II 1993-94 Explores the
relationship between method and theory in anthropological
archaeology over the past 100 years. The intimate relationship
between general theory and the development of methods and
research interests in archaeology will be demonstrated through
case studies. May be convened with 560.

462. Introduction to Quaternary Ecology (3) I (Identical with
GEOS 462)

463. Classical Field Archaeology (3) [Rpt./1] S (Identical with
CLAS 463)

464. Introduction to Dendrochronology (4) (Identical with GEOS
464) May be convened with 564.

465. Women in International Development (3) II 1994-95 The impact
of international development on women as agricultural producers,
householders, migrants, workers in formal/informal labor markets
and participants in planned change. (Identical with LA S 465, FCR
465 and W S 465) May be convened with 565.

466. Paleoanthropology (3) I Evidence for human and nonhuman
primate evolution including laboratory study of fossil casts and
modern skeletal biology. P, 265 or consult department before
enrolling. May be convened with 566. Writing-Emphasis Course.*

467. Race and Ethnic Relations (3) I II (Identical with SOC 467) 

468. Human Osteology (4) I Human osteology for the archaeologist
and physical anthropologist; techniques of in situ and laboratory
identification, preservation and measurement. P, consult
department before enrolling. May be convened with 568.

470a-470b. Human Adaptability (3-3) Study of the means by which
humans adjust to their environments through the processes of
growth and development. Focus is on physiological, nutritional,
and epidemiological factors. 470a includes discussion of the
biology of human aging. P, 265 or consult department before
enrolling. 470a is not prerequisite to 470b. (470a is identical
with GERO 470a) May be convened with 570a-570b.

472. The Relationship of Early Hominids and Contemporary Faunas
(3) I The faunal association of contemporary animals and hominids
world-wide. Peopling the New World. Methods utilized to analyze
fossil assemblages when associated with hominids. May be convened
with 572.

473. Primate Anatomy (4) I Comparative primate functional anatomy
from an anthropological viewpoint including extensive laboratory
dissection and study of behavior, ecology, and evolution. P, 265
or consult department before enrolling. May be convened with 573.

474. Archaeometry: Scientific Methods in Art and Archaeology (3)
II 1993-94 Critical survey of scientific methods used in
archaeology and art history. Emphasis on the potential and
limitations of these techniques for reconstructing human
behavior. P, 304 or equivalent experience. (Identical with CLAS
474 and NES 474) May be convened with 574.

476. Language in Culture (3) II Survey of the nature of the
interrelationships between language and other cultural phenomena.
P, LING 101 or ANTH 276. (Identical with LING 476) May be
convened with 576. Writing-Emphasis Course*

477. Discourse and Text (3) I 1993-94 Analysis and cross-cultural
comparison of patterns of communication in discourse; modern
approaches to discourse and text. P, LING 101 or ANTH 276.
(Identical with LING 477) May be convened with 577.

478. Archaeological Analysis with Geographic Information Systems
(3) II 1994-95 An overview of computer concepts, techniques, and
algorithms fundamental to Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
Emphasis is placed on the use on GIS to examine, analyze, and
model archaeological and environmental distributions within areas
of study. May be convened with 578.

479. Culture and Materials Technology (3) I Investigates the ways
in which systems of technology are embedded in a cultural context
and the resulting impacts on invention, innovation and
conservation, technology transfer, and cultural change.
(Identical with ENGR 479 and MSE 479) May be convened with 579.

480. Historical Comparative Linguistics (3) II Types and
mechanisms of linguistic change; language and  dialect formation;
determination of prehistoric connections; reconstruction of
proto-languages and cultures, and their origins in time and
space. P, 276 or LING 101. (Identical with LING 480) May be
convened with 580. Writing-Emphasis Course.*

482. Hopi Language in Culture (3) II A conversational
introduction to Third Mesa dialect of Hopi, with emphasis on
cultural context and covering essentials of Hopi language
structure. (Identical with AINS 482) May be convened with 582.

484a-484b. Akkadian Linguistics (3-3) Introduction to the
standard literary language of the Babylonians and Assyrians.
(Identical with NES 484a-484b) May be convened with 584a-584b.

485. Social Organization of India and Pakistan (3) I (Identical
with NES 485) May be convened with 585.

487. Poverty and Health (3) II (Identical with NURS 487) May be
convened with 587.

488. Governing Science and Technology (3) II (Identical with GEOG
488)

489. Areal Survey of Native North American Languages (3) 1994-95
The field of native North American linguistics; areal and genetic
classifications; how the study of particular languages provides
insights into theories of linguistic anthropology and general
linguistics. P, ANTH 276 or LING 101. (Identical with LING 489
and AINS 489) May be convened with 589.

490. Women in Middle Eastern Society (3) I Middle Eastern society
viewed from the perspective of women. Examines the extent to
which formal definitions of women's nature and roles coincide
with women's self-images and activities. (Identical with NES 490
and W S 490) May be convened with 590.

496. Seminar
f. Ceramic Analysis (3) II 1994-95 May be convened with 596f.
h. Experimental Archaeology (3) I 1993-94 May be convened with
596h.

497. Workshop
c. Dendrochronology (2) 3L. May be convened with 597c. (Identical
with GEOS 497c, which is home)

*Writing-Emphasis Course. P, Satisfaction of the upper-division
writing-proficiency requirement (see "Writing-Emphasis Courses"
in the Academic Policies and Graduation Requirements section of
this catalog).

500. Processes of Culture Change (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 400. Graduate-level requirements include extra
term paper writing and other exercises. May be convened with 400.

501. Ancient Mesopotamia (3) I 1994-95 For a description of
course topics, see 401. Graduate-level requirements include
additional readings and a research paper. (Identical with HIST
501 and NES 501) May be convened with 401.

502a-502b. Dynamics of Indian Societies (3-3) (Identical with
AINS 502a-502b)

503. Anthropology of Conflict Resolution (3) II For a description
of course topics, see 403. Graduate-level requirements include a
major term paper. May be convened with 403.

505. Urban Adaptation of Ethnic Groups (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 405. Graduate-level requirements include a
major research paper. May be convened with 405.

506. Gender and Social Identity (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 406. Graduate-level requirements include
additional readings and a detailed research paper. May be
convened with 406.

507. Bilingualism in the Southwest (3) I II For description of
course topics, see 407. Graduate students are required to give an
oral presentation of final paper. (Identical with MAS 507) May be
convened with 407.

508. Anthropology and Public Policy (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 408. Graduate-level requirements include a
term paper. May be convened with 408.

509. Economic Anthropology (3) II For a description of course
topics, see 409. Graduate-level requirements include an in-depth
research paper. (Identical with ECON 509 and LA S 509) May be
convened with 409.

510. Ceramic Ethnoarchaeology (3) I 1993-94 For a description of
course topics, see 410. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper. May be convened with 410.

511. Anthropology of Religion (3) I For a description of course
topics, see 411. Graduate-level requirements include a major term
paper. May be convened with 411.

512. Peasants and Peasant Societies (3) II 1994-95 For a
description of course topics, see 412. Graduate-level
requirements include an additional research paper. May be
convened with 412.

513. Ethnology of the Southwest (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 413. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper. (Identical with AINS 513) May be convened with
413.

514. Late Quaternary Geology (3) I (Identical with GEOS 514)

515. Cultural Ecology of Agrarian Societies in the Middle East
(3) II 1994-95 Emphasis is on land tenure, Islamic law,
irrigation and agricultural development in the central Middle
East, Nile valley, North Africa, and the Sahel from the Middle
Ages to the present.

516. Contemporary Indian America (3) II 1994-95 For a description
of course topics, see 416. Graduate-level requirements include a
term paper based on original archival or field research.
(Identical with AINS 516) May be convened with 416.

517. Cultures of Ancient Mexico (3) S For a description of course
topics, see 417. Graduate-level requirements include a term
paper. (Identical with LA S 517) May be convened with 417.

519. Psychological Anthropology (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 419. Graduate-level requirements include a
term paper. May be convened with 419.

520. Contemporary American Culture (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 420. Graduate-level requirements include a
major term paper. May be convened with 420.

521. Ethnology of North America (3) I For a description of course
topics, see 421. Graduate-level requirements include an oral
presentation and a research paper. May be convened with 421.

522a-522b-522c. Pre-Hispanic Art (3-3-3) (Identical with ARH
522a-522b-522c) May be convened with 422a-422b-422c.

523. Anthropology of Mexico (3) II 1993-94 For a description of
course topics, see 423. Graduate-level requirements include a
term paper based on original library, archival or field research.
(Identical with AINS 523 and LA S 523) May be convened with 423.

524. Theoretical Population Genetics (3) I (Identical with ECOL
524)

525. Language Variation (3) II (Identical with LING 525) May be
convened with 425.

527a. The Prehistory of East Asia (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 427a. Graduate-level requirements include a 20
to 30 page research paper. (Identical with EAS 527a) May be
convened with 427a.

527b. The Archaeology of Pre-Han China (3) II For a description
of course topics, see 427b. Graduate-level requirements include a
20 to 30 page research paper. (Identical with CHN 527b) May be
convened with 427b.

528. Near East Pastoral Nomads and Arid Lands Hunter-Gatherers
(3) I 1994-95 A rigorous introduction to pastoral nomads and
hunter-gatherers with a focus on arid lands.

530. The Anthropology of Visual Art (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 430. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper or project. P, 200. (Identical with AINS 530) May
be convened with 430.

532. Peoples of the Pacific (3) I II For a description of course
topics, see 432. Graduate-level requirements include a research
project and paper. May be convened with 432.

533. Laboratory in Zooarchaeology (3) I 1994-95 For a description
of course topics, see 433. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper. 1R, 6L. May be convened with 433.

534. Kinship and Social Organization (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 434. Graduate-level requirements include
additional readings and a detailed term paper. May be convened
with 434.

535. Principles of Archaeological Fieldwork (3) II 1993-94 For a
description of course topics, see 435. Graduate-level
requirements include a research paper. May be convened with 435.

536a-536b. Medical Anthropology (3-3) I II 1994-95 536a:
Anthropology of illness and health. Lay perceptions of health,
ethnophysiology and pathology; pluralistic ideas about illness
experiences; indigenous ideas about preventative and promotive
health; folk dietetics; social labeling; and illness
responsibility attribution. Emphasis on the study of health
culture and how the subjective experience of illness and health
is influenced by cultural variables.  Draws upon cross-cultural
ethnographic research and consideration of American health
culture. 536b: Comparative medical systems and healing
traditions, regional health arenas, and health care seeking.
Topics include folk medicine, traditional medical systems,
distinctive illness and public health problems, patterns of
resort in the use of pluralistic medical resources, and the way
in which the practice of biomedicine has been adapted to regional
culture. Explores the medical cultures of Mexico and Latin
America, Native America, Africa and Asia. 536a is not
prerequisite to 536b.

537a-537b. Readings in Akkadian (3-3) Readings in selected
literary, religious and economic texts designed not only to
improve language mastery but to use those documents in
elucidation of specific topics in Mesopotamian culture. P, 484a-
484b. (Identical with NES 537a-537b)

538. Zooarchaeology (3) I 1993-94 For a description of course
topics, see 438. Graduate-level requirements include a research
paper. May be convened with 438.

539. Beginnings of Animal Domestication (3) II 1994-95 For a
description of course topics, see 439. Graduate-level
requirements include a research paper. May be convened with 439.

541. Organization of Museums (3) I For a description of course
topics, see 441. Graduate-level requirements include a volunteer
project in a local museum providing practical, hands-on
experience in museum work. May be convened with 441.

542. Museum Collections Management (3) I Principles and
procedures governing the acquisition, documentation, care and use
of museum collections. 2R, 3L.

543a-543b. The Archaeology of Neolithic and Bronze Age Greece (3-
3) (Identical with CLAS 543a-543b) May be convened with 443a-
443b.

544. In the Wake of the Green Revolution (3) [Rpt.] II 1993-94
Survey of agricultural and fisheries production, marketing, and
research activities in Sonora, Mexico, locus of "Green
Revolution" in wheat breeding. Field trip conducted during Spring
Break. P, consult department before enrolling. (Identical with
LAS 544)

545. Museum Exhibition (3) II For a description of course topics,
see 445. Graduate-level requirements include a concise research
paper on some aspect of museum exhibition. May be convened with
445.

546. Museum Conservation (3) II An introduction to the
examination of the nature and properties of materials in
anthropological collections and their deterioration, restoration,
and preservation.

547. Anasazi Archaelogy (3) For a description of course topics,
see 447. Graduate-level requirements include a longer term paper.
May be convened with 447.

548. Writing Culture (3) [Rpt.] I For a description of course
topics, see 448. Graduate-level requirements include a major term
paper. May be convened with 448.

549a-549b. Folklore (3-3) (Identical with ENGL 549a-549b) May be
convened with 449a-449b.

551. Archaeology of North America (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 451. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper. May be convened with 451.

552R. Archaeology of the Southwest (3) I Development of culture
in the prehistoric Southwest from the late Pleistocene to the
historic period.

552L. Archaeology of the Southwest (3) II 1994-95 The nature of
archaeological data recovered in the Southwest, with emphasis on
their potential for the drawing of both cultural and
chronological inferences.

553a-553b. Mesoamerican Archaeology (3-3) I II For a description
of course topics, see 453a-453b. Graduate-level requirements
include an additional research paper. 553a is not prerequisite to
553b. (Identical with LA S 553a-553b) May be convened with 453a-
453b.

554. Andean Archaeology (3) II 1994-95 For a description of
course topics, see 454. Graduate-level requirements include two
reviews of research monographs. (Identical with LAS 554) May be
convened with 454.

555. Ethnoarchaeology (3) II 1994-95 For a description of course
topics, see 455. Graduate-level requirements include a research
paper. May be convened with 455.

556a-556b. Old World Prehistory (3-3) I II For a description of
course topics, see 456a-456b. Graduate-level requirements include
a research paper. May be convened with 456a-456b.

557. Prehistoric Mesopotamia (3) I 1993-94 For a description of
course topics, see 457. Graduate-level requirements include
additional readings and a detailed research paper. (Identical
with NES 557) May be convened with 457.

558. Historical Archaeology (3) II 1993-94 For a description of
course topics, see 458. Graduate-level requirements include an
additional research paper. May be convened with 458.

560. History of Archaeological Theory (3) II 1993-94 For a
description of course topics, see 460. Graduate-level
requirements include a research paper. May be convened with 460.

561. Paleoindian Origins (3) I Chronological development of
Paleo-Indian occupation of the New World in relation to
environmental changes of the Quaternary Period; site discoveries,
case studies, hypothesis on the peopling of the Americas. Field
trip. (Identical with GEOS 561)

562. Archaeological Quantitative Methods (3) I 1994-95 Intensive
review of the theory and application of statistical and
mathematical methods to archaeological data.

563. Evolution of Ancient States and Civilizations (3) I 1993-94
Classical and modern theories used to explain the rise of ancient
states and civilizations are evaluated as systems of
anthropological logic and for their ability to elucidate the
archaeological record. Major topics include the nature of growth
trajectories, variability in ancient states, the collapse of
states, and constraints of growth in selected areas of the world.
P, consult department before enrolling.

564. Introduction to Dendrochronology (4) (Identical with GEOS
564) May be convened with 464.

565. Women in International Development (3) II 1994-95 For a
description of course topics, see 465. Graduate-level
requirements include additional readings and a research paper.
(Identical with FCR 565 and LA S 565) May be convened with 465.

566. Paleoanthropology (3) I For a description of course topics,
see 466. Graduate-level requirements include a comprehensive
research paper or project, an annotated bibliography, or
specialized examinations. May be convened with 466.

568. Human Osteology (4) I For a description of course topics,
see 468. Graduate-level requirements include an additional
research paper. P, consult department before enrolling. May be
convened with 468.

570a-570b. Human Adaptability (3-3) For a description of course
topics, see 470a-470b. Graduate-level requirements include a
substantial research paper on a topic appropriate to the subject
matter. (570a is identical with GERO 570a) May be convened with
470a-470b.

571a-571b. Applied Medical Anthropology in Western Contexts (3-3)
1993-94 Investigations of the illness experience; symbolic
interpretations of medicines and medical procedures; doctor-
patient communications and illness narratives. 571a demonstrates
the applicability of major social science theories in the related
study of health-related behavior. 571b focuses on methods of data
collection and presents case studies illustrating the application
of methods in the study of designated health problem areas,
interviewer transference and issues of reflexivity. P, 536a.

572. The Relationship of Early Hominids and Contemporary Faunas
(3) I For a description of course topics, see 472. Graduate-level
requirements include a research paper. May be convened with 472.

573. Primate Anatomy (4) I For a description of course topics,
see 473. Graduate-level requirements include a comprehensive
research paper or project, an annotated bibliography, or
specialized examinations. May be convened with 473.

574. Archaeometry: Scientific Methods in Art and Archaeology (3)
II 1993-94 For a description of course topics, see 474. Graduate-
level requirements include one substantial critical review of the
literature on some archaeological application of archaeometry.
(Identical with CLAS 574 and NES 574) May be convened with 474.

576. Language in Culture (3) II For a description of course
topics, see 476. Graduate-level requirements include a research
paper and a journal-style review of a major monograph. (Identical
with LING 576) May be convened with 476.

577. Discourse and Text (3) I 1993-94 For a description of course
topics, see 477. Graduate-level requirements include a research
paper involving both an in-depth analysis and a critical survey
of appropriate literature. (Identical with LING 577) May be
convened with 477.

578. Archaeological Analysis with Geographic Information Systems
(3) II 1994-95 For a description of course topics, see 478.
Graduate-level requirements include an additional research paper.
May be convened with 478.

579. Culture and Materials Technology (3) I For a description of
course topics see 479. Graduate-level requirements include an
additional research paper. (Identical with MSE 579) May be
convened with 479.

580. Historical Comparative Linguistics (3) I For a description
of course topics, see 480. Graduate-level requirements include a
research paper. (Identical with LING 580) May be convened with
480.

581. Quaternary Palynology (4) II 1993-94 (Identical with GEOS
581)

582. Hopi Language in Culture (3) II For a description of course
topics, see 482. Graduate-level requirements include a research
paper. (Identical with AINS 582) May be convened with 482.

583. Sociolinguistics (3) I Contributions of the ethnography of
communication, language variation  studies, and
conversation/discourse analysis to the interdisciplinary
development of sociolinguistics. (Identical with LING 583)

584a-584b. Akkadian Linguistics (3-3) For a description of course
topics, see 484a-484b. Graduate-level requirements include
additional readings and a detailed research paper. (Identical
with NES 584a-584b) May be convened with 484a-484b.

585. Social Organization of India and Pakistan (3) I (Identical
with NES 585) May be convened with 485.

587. Poverty and Health (3) II (Identical with NURS 587) May be
convened with 487.

588. Healing Systems in the Southwest (3) I II (Identical with
NURS 588)

589. Areal Survey of Native North American Languages (3) 1994-95
The field of native North American linguistics; areal and genetic
classifications; how the study of particular languages provides
insights into theories of linguistic anthropology and general
linguistics. P, ANTH 276 or LING 101. (Identical with LING 589
and AINS 589) May be convened with 489.

590. Women in Middle Eastern Society (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 490. Graduate-level requirements include an
additional paper. (Identical with NES 590) May be convened with
490.

596. Seminar
a. Paleoanthropology and Paleolithic Archaeology of Africa (3) II
1994-95 P, introductory and upper-division courses in archaeology
and physical anthropology.
c. The Dynamics of Human Subsistence (3) II 1993-94
e. Pre-Columbian Art (3) [Rpt./4] I (Identical with ARH 596e,
which is home)
f. Ceramic Analysis (3) I II 1994-95 May be convened with 496f.
h. Experimental Archaeology (3) I 1993-94 May be convened with
496h.
j. African Art History (3) [Rpt./12 units] I II (Identical with
ARH 596j, which is home)
k. Risk and Society (3) [Rpt./6 units] I (Identical with GEOG
596k, which is home)
q. Near Eastern Archaeology (3) [Rpt.] I II (Identical with  NES
596q, which is home)
r. Quaternary Geochronology (1-4) I II (Identical with GEOS 596r,
which is home)

597. Workshop
a. Physical and Forensic Anthropology I (2) [Rpt.] I Consult
dept. before enrolling.
b. Physical and Forensic Anthropology II (2) [Rpt.] II Consult
dept. before enrolling.
c. Dendrochronology (2) 3L. May be convened with 497c. (Identical
with GEOS 597c, which is home)

600. Survey of Cultural Anthropology (3) I Intensive
introduction, overview, and synthesis of cultural anthropology.

605. Professional Ethics and Skills (3) II Treatment of a series
of ethical issues that can arise in acquisition and dissemination
of anthropological data; (b) design and implementation of
research through the construction of fundable research proposals;
(c) professional self-presentation. Course materials will
represent the four sub-disciplines of anthropology.

606. Women's Health in the United States (3) II 1994-95 An
examination of social, cultural and political-economic factors
affecting women's health in historical and contemporary contexts
in the U.S. Focus on anthropological and feminist perspectives.
(Identical with WS 606)

607. Anthropological Research Methods and Design (3) I Survey of
research designs, data collection methods, and data analysis used
in ethnographic field research by sociocultural and medical
anthropologists. Focus on practical skill acquisition.

608. History of Anthropological Theory (3) I Survey of the
foundations of contemporary theory in the field of cultural
anthropology.

620. Linguistic Field Techniques (3) 1993-94 Practice in asking
linguistically informed and ethnographically sensitive questions
in face-to-face interaction with a linguistic consultant;
techniques of language data analysis and description.

631. Anthropology and Development (3) II 1994-95 The role of
anthropology in interdisciplinary projects involving economic
development and planned change on the national and international
levels. (Identical with AR L 631 and LA S 631) 

636. Foundations of Archaeological Interpretation (3) I Surveys
the history of archaeological interpretation. Central concepts in
archaeological method and theory are presented. Open only to
graduate students with a concentration in archaeology.

642a-642b. Advanced Field Course in Archaeology (3-3) S
Archaeological methods, theory, and field techniques. 642a:
Three-week field excavation and survey. Fee.  642b: Three-week
laboratory  processing and analysis. Fee. Registration
restricted. Contact department for application, which must be
returned by April 1.

645. Early Civilizations (3) [Rpt./2] II 1993-94 Comparative
analysis of early civilizations from both the Old World and the
New World, with emphasis on regularities in cultural development.
P, 454, 457, or 456a or 456b.

665. Survey of Physical Anthropology (3) II Modern physical
anthropology including evolutionary theory, genetics, skeletal
biology, primatology, paleoanthropology, human growth,
adaptability and demography.

666. Human Microevolution (3) II [Rpt.] 1994-95 Problems and
methodology in the study of cultural, demographic, and ecological
factors affecting microevolutionary processes in human
populations. P, 665. (Identical with GENE 666)

675a-675b. Anthropology and International Health (3-3) 1994-95 
675a: An intensive overview of the field of international health
and anthropologists' contributions to it. Responses to
biotechnology, primary health care and child survival, diseases
and development; health care utilization patterns; world systems
and multinational pharmaceutical industry; health care
bureaucracies; interaction between traditional medicine and
public health.  675b: Health transitions and the household
production of health with emphasis on anthropological
investigations of health within a broader development context. P,
536a.

679. Language and Ethnography (3) II Training in the use of
ethnographic method in linguistic and cultural research where
naturally occurring speech is data. Analysis of data from
observation, tape recording and videotaping.

680. Survey of Linguistic Anthropology (3) II Major theoretical
and methodological issues in linguistic analysis. Language as a
cultural code, biological foundations, universals and typology,
language and social reality, textual analysis.

695. Colloquium
a. Forensic Anthropology (2) [Rpt./6 units] II 2R, 1L. P or CR,
468 and 597b.

696. Seminar
a. Archaeology (1-3) [Rpt./3] I II
b. Cultural Anthropology (1-3) [Rpt./3] I II (Identical with AR L
696b and NES 696b)
c. Linguistic Anthropology (1-3) [Rpt./3] I II
d. Physical Anthropology (1-3) [Rpt./3] I II

 


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