The University of Arizona  1993-95 General Catalog

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Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering (A ME)
AME Building, Room 301
(520) 621-2235

Professors Parviz E. Nikravesh, Acting Head, Henry C. Perkins,
Acting Associate Head, Thomas F. Balsa, Francis H. Champagne,
Chuan F. Chen, Steven C. Crow, Hermann F. Fasel, Juan C.
Heinrich, Hussein A. Kamel (Emeritus), Dimitri B. Kececioglu,
Robert B. Kinney (Emeritus), Donald M. McEligot (Emeritus), Edwin
K. Parks (Emeritus), Russell E. Petersen (Emeritus), Kumar N. R.
Ramohalli, Lawrence B. Scott, Jr., William R. Sears (Emeritus),
Bruce R. Simon, Quentin R. Thomson (Emeritus), Thomas L. Vincent,
Paul H. Wirsching, Israel J. Wygnanski, A. Ralph Yappel

Associate Professors Ara Arabyan, Abhijit Chandra, Kee-Ying Fung,
Edward J. Kerschen 

Assistant Professors Cholik Chan, Yonggang Huang, Jeffrey W.
Jacobs, Erdogan Madenci, Alfonso Ortega, Karl, Ousterhout, K.R.

The department offers the degrees of Bachelor of Science in
Aerospace Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Mechanical
Engineering, and Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy with
majors in aerospace engineering and mechanical engineering. (See
the College of Engineering section of this catalog for specific
undergraduate program requirements. Consult the Graduate Catalog
for more information about graduate programs.)

[np]NOTE: AME majors will receive credit toward the completion of
major for the following courses: PSIO 418, "Physiology for
Engineers;" PSIO 419, "Physiology Laboratory;" SIE 406,
"Engineering Quality Control;" ECE 554, "Electronic Packaging
Principles;" E M 511, "Advanced Finite Element Analysis;" SIE
507, "Advanced Quality Control".

195. Colloquium

d. Our Future in Space and Space in Our Future (1) I Field trips.

230. Thermodynamics (3) I II Basic laws and examples of
engineering applications of macroscopic thermodynamics; equations
of state; reversible and irreversible processes. 3ES. P, MATH
223, PHYS 116.

250. Dynamics (3) I II Dynamics of particles and rigid bodies as
applied to mechanical systems; introduction to mechanical
vibrations. 3ES. P, C E 214; CR, MATH 254.

300. Instrumentation Laboratory (3) I II Basic principles of
laboratory practice and instrumentation; statistical measurement
theory including probability distributions, finite statistics,
uncertainty analysis, regression analysis; dynamics of
measurement systems; transducers and signal conditioning
circuits. Experiments using basic laboratory instrumentation on
the speed of sound, temperature measurements, and the dynamic
response of first and second order systems. 2R, 3L. 2ES. P, 230,
331a, ECE 208.

301. Engineering Analysis (3) I Vector analysis, complex
variables, Fourier series, matrices, boundary value problems and
applications to current engineering problems. P, MATH 254.

302. Numerical Methods (3) I II Introduction to linear algebra;
solution of engineering problems based upon an integrated
approach combining numerical analysis and the use of computers.
2ES. P, 250, C E 217.

320. Aerodynamics (3) II Basic equations and their approximation;
potential flow theory; fundamentals of airfoil and wing theory;
axisymmetric flows; application to aerodynamics of wings and
bodies. 2ES, 1ED. P, 331a; CR, 302.

321. Aircraft Performance (3) II Properties of the atmosphere,
concepts in airflow and propulsion, airfoils and wings, airplane
performance; energy methods. 2ES, 1ED. P, 250, 331a.

323. Gasdynamics (3) II Homentropic flow with area changes,
normal and oblique shocks, one-dimensional flows with friction
and heat addition, choking, method of characteristics,
applications. 2ES, 1ED. P, 230, 331a, MATH 254.

324. Aerospace Structures (3) II Application of principles of
mechanics to the structural analysis of aerospace components.
Topics covered are: analysis of stress and strain, constitutive
relations, plane problems of elasticity, torsion, bending,
elastic stability, energy methods, finite element methods. 2ES,
1ED. P, 301, C E 217; CR, 302.

330. Intermediate Thermodynamics (3) I II Power systems;
nonreacting and reacting mixtures; heat transfer, design
exercises. 2ES, 1ED. P, 230.

331a-331b. Principles and Applications of Fluid Mechanics (3-3) I
II 331a: Fundamentals of fluid mechanics covering properties of
fluids, fluid statics, dynamics of incompressible viscous and
inviscid flows, control volume formulations of continuity,
momentum and energy equations, dimensional analysis, viscous pipe
flow, boundary layers and drag. 3ES. P, 250, MATH 223, MATH 254. 
331b: Turbomachinery, pump characteristics, lubrication theory,
boundary layers, potential flow, one and two-dimensional
compressible flow, design project. 2ES, 1ED. P, 331a. Both 331a
and 331b are offered each semester.

352. Dynamics of Machines (3) I II Analysis of motions and forces
in machines, design exercises. 3ED. P, 250.

400. Senior Mechanical Laboratory (2) I II Investigations
involving thermal power and mechanical systems. 1R, 3L. 2ES. P,
300. Writing-Emphasis Course. P, Satisfaction of the upper-
division writing proficiency requirement (see "Writing-Emphasis
Courses" in the Academic Policies and Graduation Requirements
section of this catalog).

401. Senior Aerospace Laboratory (1-3) II Laboratory
investigations involving aerodynamic, control, structural, and
power systems. 1R, 3L. P, 300, 324, 420. Writing-Emphasis Course.
P, Satisfaction of the upper-division writing proficiency
requirement (see "Writing-Emphasis Courses" in the Academic
Policies and Graduation Requirements section of this catalog).

402. Senior Energy Laboratory (3) II (Identical with NEE 402)

410. Engineering Design (3) I II Role of design in engineering;
strength design factors, stress and strain analysis, deflection
analysis and introduction to failure and fatigue theory, design
of specific machine components. 1ES, 2ED. P, 250, C E 217.

411. Introduction to Production Engineering (3) I II Theory of
machining and forming; machine tool principles, potentialities,
and limitations; nonconventional material removal process; design
project. 2R, 3L. 1ED. Fee. CR, 410.

412a-412b. Mechanical Engineering Design (3-3) 412a: I II
Engineering design process steps, idea generation techniques,
optimal design of engineering systems, computer aided design,
major design project. 2R, 3L. 3ED. P, 330; CR, 410, 411. 412b: I
II Construction, testing and evaluation of prototype design;
design iteration to arrive at final system configuration. 2R, 3L.
3ED. P, 412a. 412a and 412b must be taken in consecutive

415. Engineering Program Design (3) II Hardware and software.
Computer graphics. Requirement specification. Structured
programming. Code optimization. Analysis algorithms. Case
studies, and group projects. 2R, 3L. 1ES, 2ED. P, 302, MATH 254.
May be convened with 515.

416. Material Selection (3) II A study of failure in engineering
materials, yielding, fatigue, creep, buckling; an introduction to
fracture mechanics and modern fatigue models; weight and cost
considerations. 1.5ES, 1.5ED. P, C E 217.

420. Aircraft Conceptual Design (3) I II Student groups develop
conceptual designs for aircraft with specified performance and
figures of merit. Design issues include program organization,
configuration, aerodynamics, weights, and performance. Design
groups develop computer flight simulators to evaluate
performance. 3ED. P, 320, 321, 323. May be convened with 520.

422. Aerospace Engineering Design (3) II Application of
engineering fundamentals, including structural analysis,
structural vibrations, aero-elasticity and finite element methods
to aerospace vehicle design project. 3ED. P, 420 or 428. May be
convened with 522.

424. Introduction to Space Technologies (3) I The space
environment: vacuum, microgravity, radiation(s), free molecule
flow and drag on bodies. Resource utilization in deep space.
Introduction to orbital mechanics. Space transportation,
spacecraft thermal design, automation and robotics,
communications, space power, space structures. 1.5ES, 1.5ED. P,
323. May be convened with 524.

425. Aerospace Propulsion (3) I Basic laws; application to
turbojets, ramjets, fanjets, turbo props and rockets; space
flight. 2ES, 1ED. P, 230, 323, 331a.

426. Dynamics of Space Flight (3) I Two and three body motion;
orbit transfer and interplanetary transfer, space vehicle
stability and control. 3ES.

427. Stability and Control of Aerospace Vehicles (3) I Static and
dynamic stability of rigid and nonrigid vehicles; automatic
control of aircraft, missiles and spacecraft. 2ES, 1ED. P, 321.

428. Space Mission Conceptual Design (3) II Introduction to space
mission design and modern tools available to aid the designer.
Includes brief case histories of some of the more successful
space missions and design of a mission. 3ED. P, 424. May be
convened with 528.

431. Numerical Methods in Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer (3)
II Development of numerical techniques for the solution of
ordinary and partial differential equations that arise in heat
transfer and fluid mechanics; classification of equations,
methods of solutions, examples. 3ES. P, 302, 331a. May be
convened with 531.

432. Heat Transfer (3) I II Study of conduction, convection and
radiation heat transfer, with applications to engineering
problems. 3ES. P, 331a, 230.

441. Air Conditioning Engineering (3) I Analysis and design of
systems and components for control of temperature, humidity, air
cleanliness and acoustics; applications to residential and
commercial buildings. 1.5ES, 1.5ED. P, 330; CR, 331a. 

442. HVAC System Design (3) II (Identical with NEE 442) May be
convened with 542.

443. Power Systems Analysis (3) I II Performance of gas and vapor
power cycles, processes and components; fundamentals of
combustion; nuclear and unconventional energy sources. 2ES, 1ED.
P, 330.

445. Solar Energy Engineering (3) I (Identical with NEE 445) May
be convened with 545.

447. Direct Energy Conversion (3) II (Identical with NEE 447) May
be convened with 547.

448. Wind Energy Conversion Systems (3) I Aerodynamic theory of
vertical and horizontal axis propellers and windmills; optimal
design of blades and electrical components; lab. and field
measurements of operating systems. 3R, 1L. 1ES, 2ED. Field trips.
P, 331a, ECE 208.

452. Computer Aided Analysis of Mechanical Systems (3) I
Kinematic and dynamic analysis of mechanical systems in planar
motion, numerical methods and use of computer programs in
analysis. 2ES, 1ED. P, 302. May be convened with 552.

454. Optimal Control of Parametric Systems (3) II Scalar
minimization, vector minimization, continuous static games,
matrix games, numerical techniques and applications. 2.5ES.
0.5ED. P, MATH 254.

455. Control System Design (3) I System models; linear dynamical
systems; output feedback design; stability analysis, state
feedback design. 2ES, 1ED. P, 250, 301; CR, 300.

456. Control of Manufacturing Process (3) I Modeling and control
of manufacturing processes. Mathematical modeling of processes,
actuators, transducers and sensors; classical control methods
including transient response steady-state errors, bode diagrams;
root lacus and design of closed loop control systems;
introduction to digital control systems and robotics; hardware
and software issues; computer simulations. 1R, 2L. P, 250, 300,
331b, CR, 411. May be convened with 556.

460. Mechanical Vibrations (3) I Free and forced vibrations of
simple mechanical systems; effects of damping; introduction to
multidegree of freedom systems. 3ES. P, 250, MATH 254.

461. Finite Element Methods  (3) II Matrix methods for structural
analysis, theory of elasticity, work and strain energy, energy
theorems, the finite element, the assembled structure,
programming aspects of the problem, general purpose programs,
application to aerospace structures. 2ES, 1ED. P, 301, C E 217.

462. Composite Materials (3) II Classification and
characteristics of composite materials; mechanical behavior of
composite materials, micro- and macro-mechanical behavior of
laminae; mechanical behavior of laminates; mechanical behavior of
short fiber composites. 3ES. P, 302, C E 217. May be convened
with 562.

466. Biomechanical Engineering (3) II 1994-95 One subject covered
yearly from: biomechanical-solid mechanics (orthopedic, vascular,
muscle, skin); feedback control (physiological systems); heat
transfer, thermodynamics (temperature regulation exercise,
hyperthermia, instrumentation). P, 302, 330, 331b, 410. May be
convened with 566.

472. Reliability Engineering (3) I Time-to-failure, failure-rate,
and reliability determination for early, useful and wear-out
lives; equipment reliability prediction; spare parts
provisioning; reliability growth; reliability allocation. 1.5ES,
1.5ED. P, CR, 474 or SIE 330. May be convened with 572.

473. Probabilistic Mechanical Design (3) I Application of
probability theory and statistics to mechanical and structural
design; modern mechanical reliability methods; design philosophy.
1.5ES, 1.5ED. P, C E 217; CR, 410. May be convened with 573.

474 Reliability and Quality Analysis (3) I Probability and
statistics with applications to reliability engineering, discrete
and continuous statistical models for engineering variables,
fundamentals of statistics. 1.5ES, 1.5ED. P, MATH 223. May be
convened with 574.

495. Colloquium
s. Senior Colloquium (1) I II

500a-500b. Advanced Engineering Analysis (3-3) 500a: I Vector
calculus, linear algebra; ordinary differential equations,
calculus of vorticions. P, undergraduate mathematics equivalent
to A ME 301. 500b: II Complex variables, partial differential
equations, eigenfunction expansions and transform methods.

502. Modeling and System Identification in Dynamic Engineering
Systems (3) I 1993-94  Principles of mathematical modeling of
engineering problems; state and parameter identification
techniques; lumped and distributed system; open loop (explicit)
and closed loop (implicit) applications; frequency and time
domain representation; deterministic and stochastic inputs. P,
302; CR, 455.

510. Design for Manufacturing (3) I Design methodology--
axiomatic, algorithmic, hybrid. Concepts of design sensitivity;
applications to several manufacturing processes--metal forming,
metal cutting, welding. P, 461 (AI programming ability; knowledge
of plasticity).

511. Computer-Aided Geometric Design (3) I Geometric modeling.
Curves and surfaces. Graphics languages and standards. Hidden
line and surface algorithms. Color and shading. Applications to
design and analysis. Group projects. 2R, 3L. P, MATH 254.
(Identical with C E 511)

515. Engineering Program Design (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 415. Graduate-level requirements include a
special in-depth report and a seminar presentation on the
subject. P, 302, MATH 254. May be convened with 415.

520. Aircraft Conceptual Design (3) I II For a description of
course topics, see 420. Graduate-level requirements include
development of a three degree-of-freedom flight simulator with
active stability augmentation. P, 320, 321, 323. May be convened
with 420.

521. Compressible Aerodynamics (3) II Inviscid flow of
compressible fluids; governing equations and their method of
solution for subsonic, transonic, supersonic, and hypersonic
flows. P, 425, 500a-500b, 536a-536b.

522. Aerospace Engineering Design (3) II For description of
course topics, see 422. Graduate students will be responsible for
simulation software development or laboratory tests. May be
convened with 422.

523. Advanced Aerospace Propulsion (3) I 1993-94 Interior
ballistics of rocket motors; ramjets, turbojets, turbofans,
scramjets; detonation wave theory; combustion chamber instability
analysis; nozzle design. P, 425.

524. Introduction to Space Technologies (3) [Rpt./1] I For a
description of course topics, see 424. Graduate-level
requirements include additional term papers and extra questions
on exams. May be convened with 424.

525. Combustion Gasdynamics (3) II 1993-94 Aerothermochemistry;
fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, chemistry of propulsion and air
pollution; reaction kinetics, combustion stability, detonation;
singular perturbations in deflagration. P, 425, 500a.

528. Space Mission Conceptual Design (3) II For a description of
course topics, see 428. Graduate-level requirements include
additional design project and report. May be convened with 428.

530. Advanced Thermodynamics (3) II Reversible and irreversible
macroscopic thermodynamics; selected engineering applications. P,
230, 331a.

531. Numerical Methods in Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer (3)
II For a description of course topics, see 431. Graduate-level
requirements include three additional projects. P, 302. May be
convened with 431.

532. Convective Transport Phenomena (3) I Convective energy, mass
and momentum transfer; internal and external flow; exact,
approximate and numerical solutions; application to current
problems. P, 432; CR, 500a, computer programming ability.

534 Radiative Heat Transfer (3) I 1993-94 Fundamentals of
radiative heat transfer; radiative properties of materials; gray-
body and spectral exchange between surfaces; participating media;
radiation combined with conduction and convection. Intended for
students with strong interests in heat transfer, combustion, and
applications such as energy conversion systems, materials
processing, and space technology. P, 432.

536a-536b. Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics (3-3) 536a:
Fundamental equations of motions; surface tension;  kinematics of
vorticity; integral solutions; irrotational flows; simple viscous
flows. P, 500a.  536b: Small-disturbance inviscid theory; low
Reynolds number flow; vorticity dynamics; boundary layers. P,

537. Fluid Mechanics of Viscous Flows (3) I Behavior of viscous
fluids over a range of Reynolds numbers; Navier-Stokes equations;
boundary layer equations; slow flow; compressible boundary
layers. P, 536b.

538. Nature of Turbulent Shear Flow (3) I 1994-95 Physical
phenomena in turbulent shear flows; experimental techniques;
observations and physical consequences; prediction methods;
recent advances. P, 500b, 536a-536b.

539. Finite Element Methods in Fluid Mechanics (3) II 1993-94
Theory and methodology of finite element methods in fluid
mechanics, variational and weighted residual methods, solution of
basic governing equations, special topics. P, 302, 500b.

542. HVAC System Design (3) II (Identical with NEE 542) May be
convened with 442.

545. Solar Energy Engineering (3) I (Identical with NEE 545) May
be convened with 445.

547. Direct Energy Conversion (3) II (Identical with NEE 547) May
be convened with 447.

548. Combustion Generated Air Pollution (3) II Pollutant
formation in combustion processes and methods of control;
diffusion models for atmospheric dispersion, including plume rise
calculations. P, 230, 331a. (Identical with CH E 548)

550. Advanced Dynamics (3) [Rpt.] I Larange's equations, rigid
body and multibody dynamics; Euler's equations, vibrations
theory. P, 250, knowledge of differential equations.

552. Computer-Aided Analysis of Mechanical Systems (3) I For a
description of course topics, see 452. Graduate-level
requirements include an additional project and extra questions on
exams. May be convened with 452.

553. Advanced Computer-Aided Analysis of Mechanical Systems (3)
II Computational methods in multibody dynamics; Euler parameters;
automatic generation and numerical methods in solving equations
of motion; application in vehicle dynamics, spacecraft, and
robotics. P, knowledge of kinematics, dynamics and numerical
methods. P, 552.

554. Optimal Control of Dynamic Systems (3) II 1993-94 Maximum
principle, optimal feedback control design, qualitative methods,
numerical techniques and applications, differential games. P,

555. Modern Control Theory (3) II 1993-94 Nonlinear dynamical
systems, Lyapimpv stability, Lyapunov control system design,
controllable and reachable sets. P, 455.

556. Control of Manufacturing Process (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 456. Graduate-level requirements include more
in-depth homework with focus on theoretical considerations, and
design project requiring implementation of a five degree of
freedom robot. May be convened with 456. 

560. Random Vibration, Analysis and Design (3) I 1993-94
Mathematical description of random vibration, transmission of
random vibration in mechanical systems, techniques of mechanical
design under random vibration. P, 460, 474.

561. Finite Element Analysis in Structural Mechanics (3) II
Advanced problems in structural analysis using the finite element
method; analysis of complex systems; dynamics. Composite
structures and material systems; program development. P, 461.

562. Composite Materials (3) II For a description of course
topics, see 462. Graduate-level requirements include an
additional project on composite materials. P, 302, C E 217. May
be convened with 462.

563. Finite Element Analysis in Nonlinear Solid Mechanics (3) I
1994-95 Finite element methods, including material nonlinearity
(elastic, plastic, viscoelastic); geometric nonlinearity (finite
deformations), numerical solution methods, and nonlinear
programs. P, 461.

566. Biomechanical Engineering (3) II 1994-95 For a description
of course topics, see 466. Graduate-level requirements include a
project and additional reading assignments. P, 302, 330, 331b,
410. May be convened with 466.

[ni]Students interested in the biomedical engineering option:
please see the headnotes of this department.

572. Reliability Engineering (3) I For a description of course
topics, see 472. Graduate-level requirements include a special
report of 30 pages on a specific reliability engineering topic.
P, CR, 474 or SIE 330. May be convened with 472.

573. Probabilistic Mechanical Design (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 473. Graduate-level requirements include
additional homework with focus on theoretical considerations, and
a research project. P, C E 217; CR, 410. May be convened with

574. Reliability and Quality Analysis (3) I For a description of
course topics, see 474. Graduate-level requirements include
additional assignments and independent study, Monte Carlo
simulation. May be convened with 474.

575. Reliability Testing (3) II Mean-time-between-failure and
reliability confidence limits; sequential  testing; sampling;
accelerated, sudden-death, and suspended-items, non-parametric,
and Bayesian testing. P, 472. 

576. Advanced Probabilistic Design (3) II Advanced methods for
mechanical and structural reliability analysis, system
reliability analysis, random loading models, applications to
fatigue, fracture, buckling, creep, etc. P, 473.

577. Maintainability Engineering (3) II Extension of 472; complex
systems reliability; maintainability engineering; reliability and
availability of maintained systems; operational readiness; system
effectiveness; maintainability demonstration. P, 472. 

602. Mixed Boundary Value Problems (3) I General description of
mixed boundary value problems in potential theory and solid
mechanics. Solutions by dual series, dual integral equations and
singular integral equations. P, 500a-500b, or consult department
before enrolling.

603. Boundary Element Method (3) I Introduction to BEM,
applications to Laplace equation, conduction-convection problems,
transient problems, problems involving material nonlinearities,
large strain problems, concepts of design sensitivity-analyses
through BEM. P, 461, 561.

620. Advanced Computational Aerodynamics (3) I Governing
equations for computational aerodynamics and fluid dynamics
techniques for solving partial differential equations, grid
generation and multi-grid techniques; applications to
compressible and incompressible viscous flows. P, 431, 500b,

632. Advanced Topics in Heat Transfer (3) II 1993-94 Topics will
depend on instructor(s). Possible topics include linear and
nonlinear convective stability, turbulent convenctive heat
transfer, advanced analytical and numerical methods in heat
transfer, boiling and condensation, multiphase flow, and heat
transfer phenomena. P, 500a-500b, 532, 536a-536b.

635. Hydrodynamic Stability (3) I Introduction to linear
stability theory in fluid mechanics; the Orr-Sommerfeld equation,
behavior of eigen-solutions, stability limits, extensions to
problems in two component systems. P, 500a-500b, 536a-536b,

639. Aeroacoustics (3) I 1993-94 Generation, propagation and
attenuation of acoustic waves. Effects of mean flow and
applications of engineering importance. P, 536a-536b, 500a-500b.

695. Colloquium
a. Research Conference (1) I II

696. Seminar
g. Graduate Seminar (1) [Rpt.] I II


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